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Nature’s Market?

A Review of Organic Certification

Shaila Seshia Galvin

As organic food becomes more widely available, great faith is placed on the seal or logo that certifies organic status. This article treats the mark of certification as a starting rather than an end point, critically reviewing literature from diverse national and regional contexts. Exploring questions concerning the extent to which organic certification assists or undermines the goal of ecological sustainability, abets the advance of large-scale agricultural capital, and supports the livelihood of smallholder farmers, the article considers the theoretical foundations, methodologies and modes of inquiry that have guided studies of organic agriculture and certification. It brings this research into conversation with literatures on audit cultures, quality, and with ongoing nature-culture debates. Through critical review of the literature and the author's extensive fieldwork with organic smallholders in northern India, the article suggests possible directions in which the literature may be expanded and advanced.

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A Crystal Ball for Forests?

Analyzing the Social-Ecological Impacts of Forest Conservation and Management over the Long Term

Daniel C. Miller, Pushpendra Rana, and Catherine Benson Wahlén

is, soybean production that does not come at the expense of forest loss, is rendered invisible under simple indicators for certification. In these ways, indicators can be seen as strengthening an “audit culture” ( Strathern 2000 ) and the seepage of

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Shubhi Sharma, Rachel Golden Kroner, Daniel Rinn, Camden Burd, Gregorio Ortiz, John Burton, Angus Lyall, Pierre du Plessis, Allison Koch, Yvan Schulz, Emily McKee, Michael Berman, and Peter C. Little

grant applications) are given. The authors themselves point in chapter 7 to the difficulty activists face in evaluating qualitative impacts in the audit culture of grant seeking and their desire to collaborate with academic researchers to do so. With

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Natural Resources by Numbers

The Promise of “El uno por mil” in Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT Oil Operations

Amelia Fiske

.” Representations 97 ( 1 ): 90 – 122 . Stafford , Charles . 2010 . “ Some Qualitative Mathematics in China .” Anthropological Theory 10 ( 1–2 ): 81 – 86 . Strathern , Marilyn . 2000 . Audit Cultures: Anthropological Studies in Accountability, Ethics