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Demos and Nation

Misplacing the Dilemmas of the European Union--In Memory of Stanley Hoffmann

Charles S. Maier

countries were living under the Nazi yoke, and Brussels 2017 were Berlin 1942. For all of the EU’s vaunted achievement in spreading democratic values to Eastern Europe, leaders in Poland and Hungary seem intent upon imposing conformist if not authoritarian

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Nicholas Toloudis

Most studies of the social and political upheavals of the Second Republic treat violence as the main way people resisted the military coup and repression of 1851 and view political dissent through the lens of class. But the suppression of unorthodox political voices in the academy brings another form of resistance to light. Close personal networks and the organizational culture of the French academy distinguished the universitaires' animosity toward Louis Napoleon. To map the patterns of teachers' dissent, I use the proceedings of the Carnot Commission, an organ created by the emergency government of 1870 to gather information about the universitaires who had suffered political persecution around the time of the 1851 coup and offer them restitution. The Commission's work reveals a pattern of personal connections and distaste for authoritarianism that reflected the republican consensus as it emerged in the 1870s.

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Suzanne Berger

population. Karl Polanyi’s “double-movement” of backlash against global markets and against globalization’s rapid, radical disruption of social life seems once again at work producing authoritarian anti-liberal politics. 2 The economic and social

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The Origins of the Anti-Liberal Left

The 1979 Vincennes Conference on Neoliberalism

Michael C. Behrent

Moynihan, and Irving Kristol. Dommergues was, Cassen maintains, one of the first French intellectuals to address these issues. 10 Neoconservatism’s program, described by Dommergues as “soft fascism,” amounted to the establishment of an authoritarian order

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Fanny Colonna

Thinking Differently Under Colonialism

Arthur Asseraf

the colonial period. In her own life, Colonna struggled with the creation of a monolithic and authoritarian post-independence Algerian regime built wholly on the legitimacy of having struggled against France, a regime incapable of tolerating people

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Republican Imperialisms

Narrating the History of “Empire” in France, 1885–1900

Christina Carroll

colonialism less expensive, authoritarian, and militaristic. Deschamps’ contention that France’s colonial system had been remade by the Revolution and that its current problems stemmed from the fact that its administrators had not yet shaken the Bonapartist

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The Office de la Famille Française

Familialism and the National Revolution in 1940s Morocco

Margaret Cook Andersen

state divided into multiple zones, including the German occupied zone and, prior to 1942, the “free” zone in the south. It was in the so-called free zone that an authoritarian, collaborationist French government took up residence in the spa town of Vichy

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Nick Underwood

authoritarianism and antisemitism abroad were all part of the interwar crises that fueled these debates over women. The images shown in Naye prese were part of a particular French cultural context where the Modern Girl was an important and even divisive symbol

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Jablonka’s History

Literature and the Search for Truth

Sarah Fishman

future.” 27 Authoritarian leaders past and present clearly validate Orwell’s warning. To cite a recent example, a scuffle in Russia broke out between an archivist and the Putin regime, determined to control the past. In 2016 the director of the Russian

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After the Party

Trump, Le Pen, and the New Normal

Anne Sa’adah

. Accident has played its part: we may never come up with a satisfying explanation of how the US elected an apparently delusional, needy narcissist with authoritarian reflexes. But accident is not the whole story, nor even its most essential part. French