, giving much more substantive attention to the #MilkTeaAlliance and calling it a “movement” ( Tanakasempipat 2020 ) uniting people from Thailand, Taiwan, and Hong Kong in their opposition to authoritarian regimes—and love for their local versions of milk
Activist Reflections from the #MilkTeaAlliance
Adam K. Dedman and Autumn Lai
Violence in Britain’s Twentieth-Century Empire
twinned birthing of liberalism and imperialism in the nineteenth century, gave rise to liberal authoritarianism. This ideology, which underpinned Britain’s civilizing mission, took form in various enabling legal scaffoldings, including the evolution of
Examining the Alternative for Germany in European Context
successfully mobilizing voters nationally. Thus, Germany is now, after all, no longer an exception to the new normal of successful—or at least politically relevant—radical-right, nationalist, and authoritarian populist parties within Europe’s liberal
Jennifer Ruth Hosek
The West Berlin anti-authoritarians around Rudi Dutschke employed a notion of subaltern nationalism inspired by independence struggles in the global South and particularly by post 1959 Cuba to legitimate their loosely understood plans to recreate West Berlin as a revolutionary island. Responding to Che Guevara's call for many Vietnams, they imagined this Northern metropolis as a Focus spreading socialism of the third way throughout Europe, a conception that united their local and global aims. In focusing on their interpretation of societal changes and structures in Cuba, the anti-authoritarians deemphasized these plans' potential for violence. As a study of West German leftists in transnational context, this article suggests the limitations of confining analyses of their projects within national or Northern paradigms. As a study of the influence of the global South on the North in a non-(post)colonial situation, it suggests that such influence is greater than has heretofore been understood.
Controlling Protest Spaces and Coalition-Building during the Iranian December 2017 Protests
underdeveloped. Some recent works on authoritarian states, including particular studies on China, have pointed out the various measures that states have at their disposal to minimize individual causes to link toward larger coalitions despite successful actions on
Beginning in the 1980s, several historians began to challenge the view that fascism was a marginal phenomenon in interwar France, a view dubbed "the immunity thesis" by one of its critics. Surveying a range of works on far-Right intellectuals and movements during the 1920s and 1930s, this article suggests that "the immunity thesis" has been increasingly challenged by a variety of historians since the mid-1990s. However, a consensus on the issue has not emerged, as a number of historians stress the need to differentiate between fascism and other forms of right-wing nationalism in the French context. At the same time, there are signs that scholars are beginning to move beyond questions of categorization and address other themes relating to the inter-war Right. These new agendas have the potential to broaden our understanding of the late Third Republic in general.
Gustave Hervé and the Great War
Michael B. Loughlin
romantic, or authoritarian—the rather ingenuous Hervé had come to feel betrayed. The former history professor perceived his failure to unite revolutionaries as a rejection. This conclusion propelled him toward increasing identification with the nation as
Misplacing the Dilemmas of the European Union--In Memory of Stanley Hoffmann
Charles S. Maier
countries were living under the Nazi yoke, and Brussels 2017 were Berlin 1942. For all of the EU’s vaunted achievement in spreading democratic values to Eastern Europe, leaders in Poland and Hungary seem intent upon imposing conformist if not authoritarian
Angela Merkel and the Challenges of Far-Right Populism
Joyce Marie Mushaben
among these groups, the socialist-capitalist axis and the authoritarian-libertarian axis. As of 2015 I would add a third dimension, the cosmopolitan-particularistic axis, encompassing the values, fears of social exclusion and “undervalued” personal
Commemorating National Socialism and Communism from the perspective
of 1989 often results in an uneasy conflation of German
guilt and victimhood. When the events of 1933-1989 are presented
as one long authoritarian period, war and tyranny can easily be construed
as external forces that simply befell the German nation.
While memories of national guilt are divisive, memories of victimhood
unify and simplify an otherwise ambiguous past. The 1995
restoration of Berlin’s Neue Wache is emblematic of this conflation
of guilt and victimhood. As the central German memorial to all victims
of war and tyranny, the Neue Wache neither distinguishes
between dictatorships, nor between perpetrator and victim.