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Dennis Klein

This article looks at the significance of local circumstances, including direct encounters between victims and assailants, in the genocide process. In what scholars term “the micropolitical turn in the study of social violence,“ the argument here considers the encounter from the perspectives of both constituent parties. Assailants often acted before they thought, raising questions about the premise of intention and calculation that anchors the defining Article 2 in the United Nations Genocide Convention. Victims in local encounters express in their accounts a recognition of their assailants and describe what amounts to a betrayal of the trust they invested in their compatriots. Expressions of recognition in witness accounts attenuate victims' resentment and recrimination, opening a space that permitted possibilities for postgenocide reconciliation and even qualified forgiveness.

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Who Governs in Deep Crises?

The Case of Germany

Wolfgang Merkel

France, Italy, Spain, and New York were to be avoided in Germany. There is also a third factor. German epidemiologists’ model-based calculations suggested for worse-case or even normal-case scenarios a bleak picture. The talk was not of thousands, but

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Stanley Chojnacki

father’s brothers, his two married sisters and their husbands, and his mother- and father-in-law. By my calculation, that assemblage represented six agnate lineages and five marriage connections. 20 At the very least, Leonardo Priuli consciously planted

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Distributional Concept Analysis

A Computational Model for History of Concepts

Peter De Bolla, Ewan Jones, Paul Nulty, Gabriel Recchia, and John Regan

or lengths of the documents in which the lexical co-associations occur do not figure in the calculation. Like most computational linguists, we see this as an advantage: the measure is sensitive to the number of co-associations, and not to the number

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Jan Ifversen

). In 1986, Ulrich Beck famously conceptualized the late modern society as a society of risks in which the modern trust in the distribution of resources had been replaced by a new focus on calculation and protection from the risks produced by modern

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The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Central and Eastern Europe

The Rise of Autocracy and Democratic Resilience

Petra Guasti

.02 8010000 * 2530.58 96482 Source: , calculations by the author, all data as of As of August 5, 2020; * as of July 26, 2020 The fatality rate can be explained by state capacity to manage the crisis

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The Complexity of History

Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis

Nancy Shields Kollmann

individuals can make such calculations. From the sixteenth century, he argues, these forces joined together to launch a more “civilized” world, where educated people living in urbanized democracies with healthy economies grew to avoid violence; Pinker marshals

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Clarifying Liquidity

Keynes and Marx, Merchants, and Poets

Rolf Hugoson

would become highly liquid, that future demand would be higher than the present. Often, this hope was far from rational, making “liquidity” appear as a speculation in the future, not as a calculation of actual rewards. As demonstrated by Keynes, the 1920

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Nicole Hudgins

became an important series of calculations during the peace conferences and a guide for central government personnel who were studying the problem of a vast reconstruction project. 8 Although these practical and propagandistic functions of war ruin

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Constructing Difference and Imperial Strategy

Contrasting Representations of Irish and Zionist Nationalism in British Political Discourse (1917–1922)

Maggy Hary

statesmen, Balfour was compelled to revise his attitude toward Irish home rule because of military strategy and diplomatic calculations. In the context of war against Germany, the British government had no choice but to upset the order of its priorities