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Vittorio Bufacchi

harm, nor by improbable mathematical calculations, but by those being harmed. Going back to the example of cuts in health-care provision in Ireland, neither option (A) nor option (B) are acceptable, but it could be that even those who may be at risk of

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Postcolonial Finance

The Political History of ‘Risk-Versus-Reward’ Investment in Emerging Markets

Cecilia Schultz

, how should we expect any good oeconomy in his household?’ ( Defoe 1890 [1729]: 244 ). Defoe argues that meticulous bookkeeping is the way to self-mastery and good government. The combination of calculation, anticipation and planning in bookkeeping

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The Economics of Decolonisation

Institutions, Education and Elite Formation

Nicola Viegi

Mitchell (1998) . Table 2 Number of Children in primary school as % of the total population (Source: Author’s calculations on Mitchell 1998 data)   1930 1950 Ghana 0.01892 0.07455 Sierra Leone 0.00848 0

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’Tis but a Habit in an Unconsolidated Democracy

Habitual Voting, Political Alienation and Spectatorship

Anthony Lawrence A. Borja

. habit is produced, not through mere repetition but out of the alignment of an initial calculation and eventual behaviour with a consistent context – an alignment that will ease future calculations and facilitate the repetition of a behaviour. I note that

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Leslie Paul Thiele and Marshall Young

. If the goal is to be wise in time, then developing the faculty of practical judgment wholly in the crucible of worldly experience is problematic. But if abstract principle cannot be translated into workable practice through calculation and cogitation

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Teppo Eskelinen

calculation. In contemporary sociological theory, the concept of risk has been typically used in a more general sense, for instance in the theory of the ‘risk society’ ( Adam et al. 2000 ; Beck 1992 ). Such theories often define risk as something

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American Extraterritorial Legislation

The Data Gathering behind the Sanctions

Ali Laïdi

over homo juris. In international business, the law is reduced to variable data that depends on a simple economic calculation: if I cheat and get caught, how much does my company have to pay to preserve its access to markets? If the sum does not

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Ajume H. Wingo

, what one can no longer hope to obtain through violence. … War is all impulse, commerce, calculation. Hence it must follow that an age must come when commerce replaces war. We have reached this age’ ( Constant 1816 ). 22 Cited in Wingo (forthcoming

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Christopher J. Allsobrook

would justify his various criticisms, in PPN and FIP , of liberal, rights-based Kantian ethics, of libertarian or utilitarian calculations of individual preferences, and of republican conceptions of freedom. But it looks so good that he wants to eat