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Dennis Klein

This article looks at the significance of local circumstances, including direct encounters between victims and assailants, in the genocide process. In what scholars term “the micropolitical turn in the study of social violence,“ the argument here considers the encounter from the perspectives of both constituent parties. Assailants often acted before they thought, raising questions about the premise of intention and calculation that anchors the defining Article 2 in the United Nations Genocide Convention. Victims in local encounters express in their accounts a recognition of their assailants and describe what amounts to a betrayal of the trust they invested in their compatriots. Expressions of recognition in witness accounts attenuate victims' resentment and recrimination, opening a space that permitted possibilities for postgenocide reconciliation and even qualified forgiveness.

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Vittorio Bufacchi

plagues Regan's MH principle. Whether inflicting an inferior degree of harm is sufficient or not should not be established by the perpetrator of the harm, nor by improbable mathematical calculations, but by those being harmed. Going back to the example of

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’Tis but a Habit in an Unconsolidated Democracy

Habitual Voting, Political Alienation and Spectatorship

Anthony Lawrence A. Borja

. habit is produced, not through mere repetition but out of the alignment of an initial calculation and eventual behaviour with a consistent context – an alignment that will ease future calculations and facilitate the repetition of a behaviour. I note that

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Stanley Chojnacki

father’s brothers, his two married sisters and their husbands, and his mother- and father-in-law. By my calculation, that assemblage represented six agnate lineages and five marriage connections. 20 At the very least, Leonardo Priuli consciously planted

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Teppo Eskelinen

money for, say, seeds, assumes a financial risk for the duration of waiting repayment from the next crop. Further, an insurance company can sell the farmer (or the money lender) an insurance for a price determined on the basis of this calculation. In

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Leslie Paul Thiele and Marshall Young

the faculty of practical judgment wholly in the crucible of worldly experience is problematic. But if abstract principle cannot be translated into workable practice through calculation and cogitation alone, is there any choice but to hone the faculty

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The Economics of Decolonisation

Institutions, Education and Elite Formation

Nicola Viegi

, available in Mitchell (1998) . Table 2 Number of Children in primary school as % of the total population (Source: Author’s calculations on Mitchell 1998 data)   1930 1950 Ghana 0.01892 0.07455 Sierra Leone 0.00848 0.01515 Nigeria 0.00971 0.03284 Average 0

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The Complexity of History

Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis

Nancy Shields Kollmann

individuals can make such calculations. From the sixteenth century, he argues, these forces joined together to launch a more “civilized” world, where educated people living in urbanized democracies with healthy economies grew to avoid violence; Pinker marshals

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Ajume H. Wingo

attempt to conquer, by mutual agreement, what one can no longer hope to obtain through violence. … War is all impulse, commerce, calculation. Hence it must follow that an age must come when commerce replaces war. We have reached this age’ ( Constant 1816

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Constructing Difference and Imperial Strategy

Contrasting Representations of Irish and Zionist Nationalism in British Political Discourse (1917–1922)

Maggy Hary

statesmen, Balfour was compelled to revise his attitude toward Irish home rule because of military strategy and diplomatic calculations. In the context of war against Germany, the British government had no choice but to upset the order of its priorities