This article looks at the significance of local circumstances, including direct encounters between victims and assailants, in the genocide process. In what scholars term “the micropolitical turn in the study of social violence,“ the argument here considers the encounter from the perspectives of both constituent parties. Assailants often acted before they thought, raising questions about the premise of intention and calculation that anchors the defining Article 2 in the United Nations Genocide Convention. Victims in local encounters express in their accounts a recognition of their assailants and describe what amounts to a betrayal of the trust they invested in their compatriots. Expressions of recognition in witness accounts attenuate victims' resentment and recrimination, opening a space that permitted possibilities for postgenocide reconciliation and even qualified forgiveness.
father’s brothers, his two married sisters and their husbands, and his mother- and father-in-law. By my calculation, that assemblage represented six agnate lineages and five marriage connections. 20 At the very least, Leonardo Priuli consciously planted
Russia and Steven Pinker’s Thesis
Nancy Shields Kollmann
individuals can make such calculations. From the sixteenth century, he argues, these forces joined together to launch a more “civilized” world, where educated people living in urbanized democracies with healthy economies grew to avoid violence; Pinker marshals
Contrasting Representations of Irish and Zionist Nationalism in British Political Discourse (1917–1922)
statesmen, Balfour was compelled to revise his attitude toward Irish home rule because of military strategy and diplomatic calculations. In the context of war against Germany, the British government had no choice but to upset the order of its priorities
became an important series of calculations during the peace conferences and a guide for central government personnel who were studying the problem of a vast reconstruction project. 8 Although these practical and propagandistic functions of war ruin