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Road Works

Some Observations on Representing Roads

Peter Merriman

Roads may be represented in many different media and cultural forms, from planning documents and maps to postage stamps, children's books, and postcards. While there has been a tendency among some scholars to study representations for what they can tell us about the history of particular road schemes, this article argues that roads are constructed and consumed as much through paper plans, financial calculations, popular representations, and public imaginations as through concrete and steel on the ground. Representations of roads “matter,” and the article suggests that scholars should study the broad array of representations through which the meanings of roads are produced, circulated, and consumed.

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New Mobilities, Spaces, and Ideas to Market

European Travel Writers and the Making of a Genre—Comment

Steven D. Spalding

scene. Though as it happens the crossing occurred at night, what they “see” with the aid of their careful scientific calculation of the exact moment of physical crossing of the equator—a brilliant detail—is an encounter with the sublime, a sensation of

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At the Threshold to the New World

Equator Crossings, Sunsets, and Claude Lévi-Strauss’s Tristes Tropiques

Michael Bies

, during the night of 29 June, “according to the calculations,” they were indeed “at the place of the equilibrium of Heaven and Earth, cutting across the equator to steer into the southern hemisphere.” Here they write: With what vivacious hopes, with

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Autonomous Driving and the Transformation of Car Cultures

Jutta Weber and Fabian Kröger

more social environment. The vehicles might still be anthropomorphized, only this would occur beyond specific interpellative regimes based on masculinity, speed, risk taking, and calculation. Nevertheless, this process is unlikely to take the form of

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Manuel Stoffers, Blake Morris, Alan Meyer, Younes Saramifar, Andrew Cobbing, Martin Emanuel, Rudi Volti, Caitlin Starr Cohn, Caitríona Leahy, and Sunny Stalter-Pace

would have a negative psychological effect on Americans on the home front. Since bicycles, according to their calculations, meant far more efficient use of scarce resources, rubber in particular, they should not be kept completely off the civilian market

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Refuge and History

A Critical Reading of a Polemic

Benjamin Thomas White

hardheaded (if hasty) calculation of her own and Germany's self-interest. The authors’ obsession with the specter of immigration also means that they caricature the effects of Merkel's decision to open Germany's borders. This, they say, triggered a mass

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Lazy Labor, Modernization, and Coloniality

Mobile Cultures between the Andes and the Amazon around 1900

Jaime Moreno Tejada

plentiful and their scientific and financial calculations provided the otherwise vague nationalist rhetoric with a layer of rationality. 37 Several options were discussed, and the route through the Andean city of Ambato was finally chosen. The new railway

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Undocumented People (En)Counter Border Policing

Near and Far from the US Border

Denise Brennan

made the calculation to begin saving to replace them both. In the Rio Grande Valley in Texas, Alma tells of getting stopped by a local police officer who claimed she had run a red light. When she could not produce a driver’s license at his request

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Christopher Howard and Wendelin Küpers

calculation and control of scientific technology. Technology provides a semblance of mastery over objects, even over death: “[W]here beings are not very familiar to man and scarcely and only roughly known by science, the openness of beings as a whole can

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Reconceptualizing Transit States in an Era of Outsourcing, Offshoring, and Obfuscation

Antje Missbach and Melissa Phillips

setting and of their interests and strategic calculations within a highly interdependent global environment. To do this, the contributors consider the distinct migratory histories and legal traditions behind recent policy and legal changes (Álvarez Velasco