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Staging Democracy

The Aganaktismenoi of Greece and the Squares Movement(s)

George Sotiropoulos

, in turn, has contributed to an underdevelopment of “civil society activism” and the reproduction of clientelism and trade unionism dominated by the established parties. At the same time, of course, the civil sector, precisely because it offered good

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Sheikhs and the City

Urban Paths of Contention in Sidon, Lebanon

Are John Knudsen

Tripoli center to Sidon. This provided the Assir movement with a political platform amidst the city's entrenched poverty and clientelism, thus demonstrating the concomitant link between “Sheiks and the city” as detailed in the conclusion. This article is

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From Political Fringe to Political Mainstream

The Front National and the 2014 Municipal Elections in France

Gabriel Goodliffe

and the disappearance of public services by making itself indispensable to the provision of aid and services, developing a form of municipal clientelism through which it can portray itself as the sole local actor capable of relating to people

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Pac'Stão versus the City of Police

Contentious Activism Facing Megaprojects, Authoritarianism, and Violence

Einar Braathen

overcome the combination of social fragmentation and political clientelism. However, the ARV did not manage to develop a joint agenda with the public authorities, and not all the concerned communities supported it in this regard. Instead, the ARV responded

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Antipoverty Measures

The Potential for Shaming and Dignity Building through Delivery Interactions

Erika Gubrium and Sony Pellissery

characterized by corruption, patronage, or clientelism, negotiation may even more deeply reinscribe existing power relations ( Pellissery 2006 ). In these cases, eligibility and access to services may depend on the networks and contacts possessed by the user

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Processes of Territorialization in Mexico

Indigenous Government, Violence, and Comunalidad

Philipp Wolfesberger

conflict, which manifests itself as clientelism, as individualized struggle over competition, opposes the bonding of the community and its entrenchment with the land. However, opposition to political parties also represents a force for unity by the people

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Laborers, Migrants, Refugees

Managing Belonging, Bodies, and Mobility in (Post)Colonial Kenya and Tanzania

Hanno Brankamp and Patricia Daley

partition or independence, descent (belonging to a recognized ethnic group in the colony), or naturalization after a specified period of lawful residency. Political manipulation and emerging clientelism further cemented binary distinctions between supposed

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Extractive Conservation

Peasant Agroecological Systems as New Frontiers of Exploitation?

Anne Cristina de la Vega-Leinert and Peter Clausing

influx, which reconfigures local politics, and encourages political clientelism and corruption, while land scarcity caused by expanding strict protection regulations exacerbates conflicts over access to land ( Fairhead et al. 2012 ; Legorreta Díaz et al

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Emergent Police States

Racialized Pacification and Police Moralism from Rio's Favelas to Bolsonaro

Tomas Salem and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen

provisions and infrastructural improvements in the communities they control. Thus, despite attempts to create a modern and professional police force, proximity policing reproduced old patterns of military tutelage and clientelism common throughout Brazil and

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The Debts of War

Bifurcated Veterans’ Mobilization and Political Order in Post-settlement El Salvador

Ralph Sprenkels

performance. Clientelism, Dissatisfaction, and Joint Veterans’ Organizing As evident from this article, former rank-and-file generally held negative opinions regarding the performance of their leadership (see also Ching 2016 ). Both groups of veterans