single aspects that affect UAIs, such as resources, land tenure, and actors. The data collection and analysis is summarized in three successive steps below ( Figure 1 ). As a first step, we collected data from 28 UA cases across Europe in collaboration
Toward a Conceptual Framework
Charlotte Prové, Denise Kemper, and Salma Loudiyi
Paul D. Hirsch and Valerie A. Luzadis
We develop a twofold approach to the development and utilization of policy-relevant knowledge. First, we propose that moving beyond competition to focus on compatibility may promote more effective interdisciplinary collaborations in the context of complex social-ecological problems. Second, we propose that attention to the policy affordances of a set of compatible hypotheses may inform the development of a more holistic and robust set of policy options. This twofold approach is modeled in our methodological approach, in which we have sought to discover how the concepts each of us have been developing are compatible with each other, and what affordances they might offer for improving translation across the science-policy boundary. We illustrate and apply our approach to the complex milieu surrounding the issue of lead paint toxicity. In addition, we draw on findings from focus groups with researchers involved in collaborations at the science-policy boundary to develop recommendations for productive and policy-relevant interdisciplinary collaboration.
Robert Frodeman, Julie Thompson Klein, Carl Mitcham, and Nancy Tuana
Over the course of the last six years, New Directions: Science, Humanities, Policy has taken a case-study approach to questions concerning the nature of knowledge production. Launched in 2001, New Directions promotes interdisciplinary collaborations where physical scientists, social scientists, and humanists work together with public science agencies, the private sector, and communities to deepen our understanding of and develop effective responses to societal problems. Two key elements characterize all New Directions projects. First, by involving the sciences, engineering, and the humanities, in dialogue with the public and private sectors, New Directions unites the two axes of interdisciplinary—the wide and the deep. Second, these experiments in interdisciplinary problem solving function as a means for thematizing the problem of the breakdown between knowledge production and use.
William T. van Markham and C.S.A. (Kris) Koppen
This article investigates the messages about climate change that ten nature protection organizations in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United States communicate to their members and the public through their Internet sites, member magazines, and annual reports. Based on analysis of this content, we conclude that all the organizations address climate change, but to varying extents and in differing ways. All of the organizations note that climate change is a major problem, has a significant impact on nature, and should be addressed mainly via mitigation. With the partial exception of the Dutch groups, all also inform their members about domestic climate change politics. Other themes, including international dimensions of climate change, adaptation to climate change, consumer behavior, collaboration with and criticism of business, and efforts to pressure business or government received less emphasis overall. How much emphasis the organizations gave these themes was conditioned by their traditions, constituencies, national context, and international affiliations.
Zoe Bray and Christian Thauer
better life and society—that is, to go “beyond utopia.” Collaboration and Alliances While the first example stands for new strategy options of local communities on account of corporate social responsibility in situations in which firm interests and local
Illness, Invisibility, and Empowerment of Communities Struck by the Fracking Boom
Kristen M. Schorpp
ExtrAct contribute to Wylie’s central thesis that academic researchers, in collaboration with environmental health scientists, web developers, lawyers, and advocacy groups, can empower communities by giving them the tools to engage in citizen science aimed
Jaime Moreno Tejada
collaboration. Finally, the islands in which the cable stations are located (Guam, Tahiti, Fiji) could not be more out of the way and exotic in the popular imagination, and yet they are central nodes in the strategic imagination of those in charge of the
Victoria C. Ramenzoni and David Yoskowitz
Group on Ocean Social Science (IWG-OSS) and the NOAA/FEMA/NIST collaboration Mitigation Framework Leadership Group (MFLG) to compile and draft community resilience indicators. For example, the IWG-OSS has been tasked with the review of social indicators
The Case of the Transition Network in Portugal
Vera Ferreira and António Carvalho
character; (6) the focus on individual change, lifestyles, and emotions; and (7) the role of inclusion and collaboration at the community level. Participants highlighted the TN's DIY approach, allowing them to take matters into their own hands by working
Food System Analysis Based on Interaction Between Research, Policy, and Society
Heidrun Moschitz, Jan Landert, Christian Schader, and Rebekka Frick
potential further collaboration. Figure 1 The research project as boundary object in dynamic food system processes in the city. The Role of a Joint Exhibition and Signing of the Milan Urban Food Policy Pact In the middle of the research, the city of Basel