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Simeon Mitropolitski

Modern political theory, while defining a democratic political regime, puts an emphasis on institutions and procedures. According to this view, whether a particular country is democratic or not depends on the ability of the opposition to oust the incumbent government without leaving the framework of existing institutions and procedures. Cultural values that sustain the democratic polity, including the spirit of political equality, are given much less attention. These values are assumed to be already present, either as a reflection of our similar physical constitution or as a reflection of the presence of democratic political regimes. This research challenges both the monopoly of the procedural understanding of democracy and the lack of particular interest regarding the construction of egalitarian political culture. I claim, first, that the rise of an egalitarian political culture contributes to the establishment of a democratic political regime and, second, that the establishment of modern schools in the late sixteenth century contributed to the construction of this egalitarian political culture.

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Pan-African Linguistic and Cultural Unity

A Basis For pan-Africanism and the African Renaissance

Simphiwe Sesanti

found in one ethnic group. Interestingly and ironically, it is by studying ethnic cultural values that exposes the existence of African cultural unity. African Cultural Unity A scientific study of African culture reveals that, one, ‘ancestor

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Learning to Judge Politics

Professor John Dunn (Interviewed by Professor Lawrence Hamilton)

John Dunn and Lawrence Hamilton

particularly unpleasant and not going to improve anything by pitching in except by chance. Supposing the Conservative Party became a mass party, it wouldn't be representing only communities with cultural values all of which I share, but it would be playing an

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A Critique of Liberal Universalism

The Concept of Secular Philosophical Grounding

Jaan S. Islam

individualistic culture] and promoting the cultural values of respect, and mental and physical support for the elderly by younger generation’ ( Mughal et al. 2016: 15 ). This policy is by nature anti-individualistic and promotes community and family ties. Instead