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Simeon Mitropolitski

Modern political theory, while defining a democratic political regime, puts an emphasis on institutions and procedures. According to this view, whether a particular country is democratic or not depends on the ability of the opposition to oust the incumbent government without leaving the framework of existing institutions and procedures. Cultural values that sustain the democratic polity, including the spirit of political equality, are given much less attention. These values are assumed to be already present, either as a reflection of our similar physical constitution or as a reflection of the presence of democratic political regimes. This research challenges both the monopoly of the procedural understanding of democracy and the lack of particular interest regarding the construction of egalitarian political culture. I claim, first, that the rise of an egalitarian political culture contributes to the establishment of a democratic political regime and, second, that the establishment of modern schools in the late sixteenth century contributed to the construction of this egalitarian political culture.

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Whitewashing History

Pinker’s (Mis)Representation of the Enlightenment and Violence

Philip Dwyer

shifting of cultural values: crowds had become indifferent to the spectacle of violence; put another way, violence in “progressive” societies no longer resulted in the required pedagogical outcome. This is not to say that crowds had lost interest in visible

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Nicholas L. Syrett

involved. While the animus directed at their paying patrons is surely familiar to us today, that so little concern was expressed about those they paid indicates that Italians at midcentury were living under a different set of cultural values from our own

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Stefan Nygård and Johan Strang

to anticolonial nationalism as an “important example of a relativizing universalism assaulting a generalizing one,” Hill notes that in defending particularistic cultural values, even resistance movements tend to rely on universal categories developed

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Marc Matera

shared cultural values and a commitment to free trade and deregulation, to the forefront of political debate regarding Britain's post-Brexit future. “In two decades” following the Conservative Party's electoral defeat in 1997, “the idea that Britain

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Tuuli Lähdesmäki, Sigrid Kaasik-Krogerus, and Katja Mäkinen

and creates an image of the EU as not only an economic or a political project but also a humanist one that has its bases in a common or interlinked past(s), cultural narratives, and/or cultural values. Thus, the semantic and contextual transformations