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Surviving Dehumanizing Times

Life Journeys across Borderlands of Memory and Deception; Michal Giedroyc and Ryszard Kapuscinski

Ignacy-Marek Kaminski

This article combines an auto-ethnographic approach with literary criticism and applied anthropology. It is about the lives of two men whose journeys through the major events of the twentieth century via different routes and moral choices suggest that literary ends do not always justify the means. Ryszard Kapuscinski (1932-2007), a world-renowned Polish journalist-turned-bestselling author, personally witnessed twenty-seven revolutions and military coups. His travel accounts stretch over five continents and have been widely recognized for their poignant dissection of the human condition. However, recent biographical details and examination of Kapuscinski's reporting methods by social researchers and field anthropologists have raised questions about the credibility and ethics of his works. By comparing his lifework and that of the lesser known Polish cross-cultural traveler exiled to Britain, author Michal Giedroyc (b. 1929), this article contextualizes political and personal dilemmas of both writers. They were born 150 kilometers apart in the multi-ethnic eastern Polish borderlands (now in Lithuania and Belarus). Their childhoods were similarly traumatized by the Nazi-Soviet division of Poland in September 1939. Both of their life journeys brought them into a united Europe in 2005 as Polish and British citizens, respectively.

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Eve Rachele Sanders

The letter was the single most widely used property in Tudor-Stuart plays. In that memorable stage direction from The Spanish Tragedy, the letter is an instrumental device in the plot. It provides Hieronimo, the central protagonist of the revenge tragedy, with targets for revenge by identifying his son’s killers by name. However, the letter also is a sign for the interior state of mind of its writer, the beautiful Bel-imperia, in issuing a call for reprisal. It is a materialisation of what immaterial passions ultimately drive the action: desire, loss, and rage. Red ink. Blood signifies the authenticity of the words on the page. They come, literally, from Bel-imperia’s heart. And yet, the macabre medium of the message brings Hieronimo to see in it fatal implications for himself. ‘Hieronimo, beware’, he says to himself, ‘thou art betrayed, / And to entrap thy life this train is laid’. (Indeed, in another revenge tragedy, Bussy D’Ambois, an adulterous wife is forced at knifepoint to lay a snare for her lover with that very deception of a letter inscribed in her blood). This single moment in Thomas Kyd’s tragedy, Hieronimo’s reception of Bel-imperia’s ‘bloody writ’, captures the complex of attitudes that governed the circulation of letters as stage properties.

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‘Double Sorrow’

The Complexity of Complaint in Chaucer’s Anelida and Arcite and Henryson’s Testament of Cresseid

Jacqueline Tasioulas

interest in truth and lies here, certainly, but that interest engages too with half-truths, with the subtleties of deception, with self-deception, with the ultimate impossibility of knowledge of another’s self, or even of one’s own self. Henryson’s ‘Quha

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John of Lancaster’s Negotiation with the Rebels in 2 Henry IV

Fifteenth-Century Northern England as Sixteenth-Century Ireland

Jane Yeang Chui Wong

representatives and the Irish confederacy as a result of a long history of broken promises, dissimulation and outright deception. In his letter of submission, O’Neill admits that he has repeatedly broken oaths of loyalty to the crown. Nonetheless, he hopes that

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The Pardoner’s Passing and How It Matters

Gender, Relics and Speech Acts

Alex da Costa

tam diu, preter amasium, ceteros decepisset homines’, p. 441). Moreover, he stresses that she was famous both before and after the deception was revealed. While she was thought to be a man, through her ‘outstanding virtue and holiness’ (‘singulari

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Graham Holderness

possesses these capabilities individually and potentially in secret, since the organ is hidden deep within the body. Secret passions, deceptions and dissimulations, wickedness and criminality can all germinate in the heart, visible to no-one except God, who

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Othello in Oman

Aḥmad al-Izkī’s Fusion of Shakespeare and Classical Arab Epic

Katherine Hennessey

, since the autocratic elite represented by Antar’s father and uncle cannot protect the tribe/nation from the fawḍā of external threats. Only the hero – the brave and active citizen, loyal to his own nation no matter what deceptions or temptations other

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John Drakakis

merchant re-appears as part of a military tactic; Nestor is worried how the choice of an opponent to face Hector will reflect on the Greeks’ judgement, but Ulysses’s strategy reveals the sophistication, and the capacity for deception that inheres in the act

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Where Character Is King

Gregory Doran’s Henriad

Alice Dailey

deception and the calculated theatricality with which he managed their arrest. The production’s focus on Henry’s immediate, in-the-now psychological process constituted a basic disparity with how the play otherwise made meaning and character structurally and

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The Corpus of London

(Dis)covering the Victorian City

David W. Chapman

the city be mined for Victorian gold from so rich an admixture of places and periods? And how does such an exercise avoid the superficiality—and occasional deception—of the tour guide? We have no shortage of commercial enterprises seeking to capitalize