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Just War

The Metaphysics of Police Vigilantism in India

Beatrice Jauregui

This article describes and explains “police vigilantism” as a mode of authoritative extralegal coercion performed by public police officials conceived as doing their duty to realize justice in the world. Based on ethnographic observations, interviews, and content analysis of news and entertainment media as well as official government reports, this essay examines a specific form of police vigilantism in contemporary India known as “encounter killings”. Demonstrating that encounter killings are widely constituted as a form of ritual purification and social defense by self-sacrificing police, it theorizes a metaphysics of police vigilantism in India that combines generalized experiences of insecurity with shared cosmologies of just war. Comparing this metaphysics with justifications of state violence in other Global South contexts, this study sheds light on how such violence may be legitimated through the conceptual inextricability of law and war as embodied in a uniquely constituted human figure: the police vigilante.

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Michael D. Jackson

of common humanity, and beyond this our duty to other life forms and the earth itself. Thus, we are haunted by the question of what any one of us owes humanity in general and whether, as David Graeber argues, our sense of common humanity means that

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Seeking Recognition, Becoming Citizens

Achievements and Grievances among Former Combatants from Three Wars

Johanna Söderström

stress their duty and sacrifice as the basis for their recognition, focusing on specific and personal achievements during the war, as they overall accept the war itself and its outcome cannot be claimed as merits in themselves. Before turning to how

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Peter Hervik

and Related Emotion Words The first of three nudges is an attempt to further avoid isolating the moral outrage from related emotion words that also play a role in internalizing emotion and/or duty-based motivation, regardless of whether they are

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“Eyes, Ears, and Wheels”

Policing Partnerships in Nairobi, Kenya

Francesco Colona and Tessa Diphoorn

offered food and other entertainment to off-duty officers. James, the driver, pulled the handbrake, and Tom, who was sitting in the back, opened the rear door of the van, stepped outside, and leaned on the seat. He lit a Sportsman cigarette and looked

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Military Violence in Its Own Right

The Microsocial Foundations of Physical Military Violence in Noncombat Situations

Nir Gazit and Eyal Ben-Ari

-Levy 2006 ). In their volume Bård Maeland and Paul Brunstad (2009 ; also Connor 2015) , however, analyze the importance of stress release necessitated by soldiers who experience boredom emerging from long periods of tedious duties, frustration at too many

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Emergent Police States

Racialized Pacification and Police Moralism from Rio's Favelas to Bolsonaro

Tomas Salem and Bjørn Enge Bertelsen

and assassinations by the police became commonplace, while off-duty officers formed death squads that meted out private justice for local businesses and killed alleged criminals—primarily in the suburbs and favelas of big cities like Rio ( Misse 2010

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Guarding the Body

Private Security Work in Rio de Janeiro

Erika Robb Larkins

off hours from more formal settings. Off-duty work included, for example, watching businesses during the graveyard shift or doing residential condominium security. Such labor is very difficult to track. However, because hospitality work takes place

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Religion through the Looking Glass

Fieldwork, Biography, and Authorship in Southwest China and Beyond

Katherine Swancutt

total biography, even down to my hobbies, for the sake of doing joint ethnological work, which in Ninglang includes civic duties, such as judging the Torch Festival competitions or helping with disaster relief in the event of mudslides and earthquakes

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Eliza Guyol-Meinrath Echeverry

‘one-stop’ licensing system,” “write-offs of exploration expenditure incurred anywhere in the country,” and duty-and tax-free export policies. Additionally, on the website for the Embassy of the State of Eritrea (2018) in Sweden, the Ministry of