Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 18 items for :

  • "employment" x
  • French Studies x
  • All content x
Clear All
Free access

French Color Blindness in Perspective

The Controversy over "Statistiques Ethniques"

Daniel Sabbagh and Shanny Peer

In the United States, while some race-based policies such as affirmative action have faced often successful political and legal challenges over the last quartercentury, historically, the very principle of official racial classification has met with much less resistance. The Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution’s Fourteenth Amendment, according to which “no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws,” was not originally intended to incorporate a general rule of “color blindness.” And when in California, in 2003, the “Racial Privacy Initiative” led to a referendum on a measure—Proposition 54—demanding that “the state shall not classify any individual by race, ethnicity, color or national origin,” this restriction was meant to apply exclusively to the operation of public education, public contracting or public employment, that is, the three sites where affirmative action was once in effect and might be reinstated at some point, or so the proponents of that initiative feared. In any case, that measure was roundly defeated at the polls.

Restricted access

Hannah Callaway, Alec G. Hargreaves, and John P. Murphy

prospects to the more favorable situation their parents enjoyed when they were their age. Centered on the anxieties linked to the prospect of social downgrading confronting many in today’s precarious employment market, Chapter Four then considers the

Free access

Owen White and Elizabeth Heath

shaping employment patterns. Some of the best studies of labor and empire have focused on labor migration, either within colonial territories or, especially after World War I, in France as well. This scholarship has demonstrated the statistical over

Restricted access

Aaron Freundschuh, Jonah D. Levy, Patricia Lorcin, Alexis Spire, Steven Zdatny, Caroline Ford, Minayo Nasiali, George Ross, William Poulin-Deltour, and Kathryn Kleppinger

to stable employment and worker cooperation. He had supported employee occupation of the firm in the Popular Front and worked at deepening the company's local roots by promoting employment security, helping workers with housing and other personal

Restricted access

The Office de la Famille Française

Familialism and the National Revolution in 1940s Morocco

Margaret Cook Andersen

growth, the ideology of the National Revolution placed a premium on restoring “natural” gender identities. The ideologues emphasized the necessity of creating barriers to women’s employment outside the home, strengthening men’s roles as chef de famille

Restricted access

Contemporary “Structures” of Racism

A Sartrean Contribution to Resisting Racial Injustice

Justin I. Fugo

individuals more ‘job-ready’, which is not pernicious in itself, but put participants who are unable to secure employment at risk of losing their assistance. In reality, it is inherently more difficult for nonwhites to gain employment because of discrimination

Restricted access

Michael Miller, Paul V. Dutton, and Laura Hobson Faure

shipments were lauded at YIVO, helping him ensure his future employment in this institution. Once back in New York at YIVO, Szajkowski faced the disconnect between his precarious status and his historical ambition. In chapter six, Leff offers the reader an

Restricted access

The Algerian Café-Hotel

Hub of the Nationalist Underground, Paris 1926–1962

Neil MacMaster

of kin and village solidarity helped new arrivals find accommodation, employment, and emotional support. 34 According to this model, the café-hotelier exerted a paternalistic influence over men from his own village and provided a powerful base for

Restricted access

Matthew Eshleman

typically do not include traditional benefits of fulltime, standard employment). On this last point, see Lawrence Katz and Alan Kruger, “The Rise and Nature of Alternative Work Arrangements in the United States, 1995-2015,” https

Restricted access

Christine Adams

beginning to the end of the [eighteenth] century, the government of women is the only visible and appreciable government, having the succession and the qualifications, the reality and the employment of power.” 3 The royal mistress in particular represented