In the early 1990s, Israel opened its gates to migrant guest workers who were invited to work, on a temporary basis, in the agriculture, construction, and in-home care sectors. The in-home care sector developed quickly during those years due to the introduction of migrant workers coupled with the creation of a new welfare state benefit: a longterm care benefit that subsidized the employment of in-home care workers to assist dependent elderly and disabled Israelis. This article examines the legal and public policy ramifications of the transformation of Israeli families caused by the influx of migrant care workers into Israeli homes. Exploring the relationship between welfare, immigration, and employment laws, on the one hand, and marketized and non-marketized care relationships, on the other, it reveals the intimate links between public policy, 'private' families, and defamilialization processes.
Between Family, Market, and State
Impoverished Bedouin Mothers Who Become Entrepreneurs
Nuzha Allassad Alhuzail
The changes among Bedouin in the Negev since the establishment of the State of Israel have had far-reaching implications for Bedouin women and their families. Bedouin women are marginalized, excluded from public life and the labor market. This exacerbates the economic inequality between Arabs and Jews, institutionalized, inter alia, in the 'Arab enclave', which lacks industrialization and is allocated fewer resources. This is a qualitative study among 20 Bedouin women raising large families and living in poverty who participated in SAWA, a microfinance program established by the Koret Foundation in Israel. It examines the process undergone by these women who succeeded in creating employment for themselves and for family members, thus raising their status within the family. Their contribution to the family income also improved their relationship with their husbands and other members of their family.
A Knesset Case Study
Parliaments channel legislation efforts and oversight functions to parliamentary committees in order for them to transform policy ideas into agreed-upon policies and then monitor their implementation. Committees play a major role in the policymaking process when they possess agenda-setting powers over the bills they process and through their employment of oversight capacities. The rules that construct checks and balances between the government and Israel’s Knesset potentially minimize the Knesset committees’ agenda-setting influence. Nevertheless, Knesset committee chairs strategically use their institutional powers to affect committee deliberations through bargaining and dynamic agenda setting. Consequently, Knesset committees play a major role in the policy process due to bargaining rather than through institutional rules.
The Broader Social Context
(possible) resurgence are investigating three main areas. The first involves the changing employment frameworks and the weakening of organized labor, focusing on the details of working lives and workplaces and on the erosion of corporatist-era protection for
David N. Myers, Pnina Lahav, Sarab Abu-Rabia-Queder, Adi Mahalel, and Lauren B. Strauss
should provide “more attractive employment opportunities” to Muslim women, “investing in their professional and occupational training, fighting discrimination against them, and providing them with childcare services” (pp. 243–244). In the first three
Nissim Leon, Judy Baumel-Schwartz, Amir Paz-Fuchs, and Roy Kreitner
Employment Service. In all these examples, neo-liberal ideology—so prominent in explanations for the spread of policy and institutional reform—is shown to play, at most, a supportive and secondary role. Pragmatism bordering on cynicism dictated decision
How Israeli Economists Almost Changed the Israeli Economy
Political Economy of the New state of Israel During the first 15 years following the establishment of the state, the local economy developed significantly in various aspects, including manufacturing, employment, and overall growth ( Halevi and Klinov
Sderot and Sha’ar Hanegev
economically autonomous and has not needed municipal, educational, or employment services from Sderot (ibid.). Sderot was established as a ‘development town’, an Israeli translation of the ‘new town’ that was developed in Europe after World War II and was
The Allure of Israel’s Desert Landscapes
Amelia Rosenberg Weinreb
infrastructure and limited social and educational services, as they awaited more permanent housing and employment. It was the ma’abarot that eventually became sites for development towns ( Tzfadia 2006 ; Tzfadia and Yacobi 2011 ). Although the ma’abarot did
Arab Teachers in Jewish Schools as a Disruptive Innovation
Rakefet Ron Erlich, Shahar Gindi, and Michal Hisherik
only a few train in engineering and the hard sciences despite having the qualifications. There are contradictory trends in the employment of Arab workers in the educational field. On the one hand, they face difficulties obtaining positions, and those