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Liberation Autochthony

Namibian Veteran Politics and African Citizenship Claims

Lalli Metsola

( Namibian 1995a , 1995b , 1995c , 1995d ). In response, the government chose a course of action that drastically diverged from the typical course of reintegration programs—mass public employment. 4 Through this effort called ‘Peace Project’ more than 18

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Shadow Soldiering

Shifting Constellations and Permeable Boundaries in “Private” Security Contracting

Maya Mynster Christensen

retrained for purposes of armed security work, she suspended the company. Following their failure in Liberia, Sabre International initiated collaboration with the Sierra Leone government. Here, the recruitment was launched as an official youth employment

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Between Labor Migration and Forced Displacement

Wartime Mobilities in the Burkina Faso–Côte d’Ivoire Transnational Space

Jesper Bjarnesen

return due to personal misfortune. As the persecution of Burkinabe “strangers” in Côte d’Ivoire intensified after Laurent Gbagbo’s contested electoral victory in 2000, so did the flows of returnees, who left their plantations, wage employment, or small

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Corinna Mullin and Ian Patel

’s 2003 “Anti-Terror” law ( ICG 2016 ). This Amnesty Law also stipulated financial compensation for former political prisoners and reinstatement into employment ( Amnesty International 2011 ). Furthermore, several ad hoc reparations measures were enacted

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Co-constituting Bodyguarding Practice through Embodied Reflexivity

Methodological Reflections from the Field

Paul Higate

I could tell, there was no formal, industry-wide agreed-upon qualification to work in so-called hostile regions; rather, it was the training company’s reputation that facilitated employment (or otherwise) in the role of armed CP. In sum, though

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Migrant Residents in Search of Residences

Locating Structural Violence at the Interstices of Bureaucracies

Megan Sheehan

migrants and more than two-thirds of Peruvian women working in this sector ( Cano and Soffia 2009 ). Migrants also find employment as sales personnel, street vendors, waitstaff, kitchen assistants, landscapers, construction workers, street sweepers, and

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Amanda J. Reinke

associated box on employment applications; those that try juveniles as adults or place juveniles in solitary confinement; or those that have a “three-strikes law” in which offenders are imprisoned for life after committing three serious or violent felonies

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The Meanings of the Move?

From “Predicaments of Mobility” to “Potentialities in Displacement”

Stephen C. Lubkemann

situation in Mozambique, particularly, in Machaze, remained bleak. The vast majority of men who returned to Machaze after the war quickly realized that migration to South Africa for employment was still their only earning option. However, at the same time

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Guarding the Body

Private Security Work in Rio de Janeiro

Erika Robb Larkins

, but rather active agents who recognized the contradictions of their bodies for security work. They also understood the benefits, however asymmetrical, that came with hospitality-based performances: stable employment and some chance for social

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First as Tragedy, Then as Teleology

The Politics/People Dichotomy in the Ethnography of Post-Yugoslav Nationalization

Stef Jansen

suffered violent attacks, and verbal harassment was common. Omnipresent national symbolry, discriminatory employment policies and state assistance, and an aggressive police presence left no doubt that this territory had been integrated into the Croatian