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Bonnie White

press and the government used the debate as a venue to discuss issues beyond gender and employment: the state of the empire, the productive power of British industry, and the recovery of the “lost generation” through successful marriages. The solutions

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Virtually a Historian

Blogs and the Recent History of Dispossessed Academic Labor

Claire Bond Potter

A contemporary history of higher education in the United States is being written on the Internet. Academic bloggers interrupt and circumvent the influence of professional associations over debates about unemployment, contingent labor, publishing, tenure review, and other aspects of creating and maintaining a scholarly career. On the Internet, limited status and prestige, as well as one's invisibility as a colleague, are no barrier to acquiring an audience within the profession or creating a contemporary archive of academic labor struggles. At a moment of financial and political crisis for universities, these virtual historians have increasingly turned their critical faculties to scrutinizing, critiquing, and documenting the neoliberal university. Although blogging has not displaced established sources of intellectual prestige, virtual historians are engaged in the project of constructing their own scholarly identities and expanding what counts as intellectual and political labor for scholars excluded from the world of full-time employment.

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Policing the Post-Colonial Order

Surveillance and the African Immigrant Community in France, 1960-1979

Gillian Glaes

By the early 1960s, an increasing number of Africans migrated to France from their former colonies in West Africa. Most were men hoping to gain employment in several different industries. Their settlement in Paris and other cities signaled the start of "post-colonial" African immigration to France. While scholars have analyzed several facets of this migration, they often overlook the ways in which France's role as a colonial power in West Africa impacted the reception of these immigrants after 1960, where surveillance played a critical role. Colonial regimes policed and monitored the activities of indigenous populations and anyone else they deemed problematic. The desire to understand newly arriving immigrant groups and suspicion of foreign-born populations intersected with the state's capacity to monitor certain groups in order to regulate and control them. While not physically violent, these surveillance practices reflected the role that symbolic violence played in the French government's approach to this post-colonial immigrant population.

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Katherine Weikert and Elena Woodacre

gender in the Middle Ages. In 2014 at Winchester, the topic for discussion was “gender and status.” This topic was specifically chosen for the potential fruitfulness of the idea: gender and status could encompass ideas such as social status, employment

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Joanna Bourke

, refrain from engaging in online political commentary, and choose not to maintain potentially lucrative or personally rewarding online presences.” 46 These are real harms, not virtual ones. Finally, Pinker’s employment of an evolutionary psychology model

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“Such a Poor Finish”

Illegitimacy, Murder, and War Veterans in England, 1918-1923

Ginger S. Frost

Archibald had never contributed to the support of his son. And his claim of having no hope of employment was also not entirely true. He refused sixpence to clean his aunt’s windows; in addition, Mrs. Adams gave him money twice to buy flowers to resell, “but

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“Give Me Back My Son!”

Eleanor of Aquitaine, Emotion Talk, and the Gendering of Political Rhetoric

Linda E. Mitchell

interests—and those of the captured King Richard—on the basis of the longstanding loyalty of the English Crown in general and the family of Henry FitzEmpress in particular. These two letters mark the heights of the sophisticated and diplomatic employment of

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Carl Strikwerda

and its aftermath. Lashing out against globalization can lead to massive conflicts. If leaders successfully mitigate its baleful effects on employment and equality, globalization can continue, and its positive effects can outweigh the negative. The

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Nicole Hudgins

, describing Reims in 1915 as the “ ville martyre ” (a common epithet), said that the city “continued to be, literally, massacred.” 34 Léaud’s employment of “literally” was itself a metaphor projecting the human death and mutilation he witnessed at the front

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Jules Vallès and Séverine

Romantic Socialism and the Afterlife of a Cross-Sex Friendship in French Political Culture, 1880–1929

Michael Mulvey

, Séverine found employment as a secretary for the widow Madame Guebhard in Neuilly. The latter’s son, Adrien, a future professor of medicine, fell in love. Around 1880, Séverine gave birth to her second child in Brussels. Shortly afterward, Eugène Sémerie