This article considers Germany’s contentious exit from brown coal (lignite), now set for 2038. While greener alternatives, such as wind, solar, or natural gas have been reducing coal’s standing in Germany’s energy mix for years, coal proponents, backed by special interests, have pushed back at all levels of government. With a focus on the politics of coal during the 2017 parliamentary elections, the tedious months of coalition negotiations and the work of the coal committee since summer 2018, we explore how policymakers try to reconcile competing interests at the federal state, local, as well as international levels.
The Difficult Politics of German Coal
Tessa Coggio and Thane Gustafson
Germany Rethinks its Energy Transition
Josephine Moore and Thane Gustafson
It is now broadly acknowledged by all the major players, both in business and in politics, that Germany will miss its 2020 targets by a wide margin. This prospect is causing a nationwide re-examination of the foundations of the energy policy
The energy revolution poses a fundamental challenge to the German corporatist institutional model. The push for renewables in Germany arose almost entirely outside the prevailing channels of institutional power. Eventually, federal legislation helped support the boom in local energy production that was already underway, and it encouraged the further development of new forms of community investment and citizen participation in energy supply. Recently, the federal government has tried to put the genie back in the bottle by shifting support to large energy producers. But, as this article shows, the energy transition has provided a base for local power that cannot easily be assailed. The debate over German energy policy is becoming a contest between centralized and decentralized models of political and economic power. Prevailing institutionalist theories have difficulty accounting for these developments. I analyze the local development of renewable energy by means of a case study of the Freiburg area in southwestern Germany, which has evolved from a planned nuclear power and fossil fuel center to Germany's “solar region”. Incorporating insights from ecological modernization theory, I show how the locally based push for renewables has grown into a challenge to the direction of German democracy itself.
The Energiewende, a German Success Story?
intended to introduce the arcane subject of German energy policy to foreign readers. In his doctoral dissertation, Drivers of Energy Transition , the writer and activist Wolfgang Gründinger argues that heterogeneous social coalitions have driven the
Stephen F. Szabo
stabilization, Russia, eu refugee and energy policies during the previous GroKo. Its agenda will have to focus on European policy and the Franco-German relationship including the issue of populism, the rise of illiberal governments in Europe, and the
The Economics of German Natural Gas Imports from Russia, 1982 and 2014 Compared
Stephen G. Gross
); Bundesregierung, “Dritte Fortschreibung des Energieprogramms der Bundesregierung,” 9. Wahlperiode, Drucksache 9/983; Helmut Schmidt, Perspectives on Politics , ed. Wolfram F. Hanrieder (Boulder, 1982), 165; For a recent overview of German energy policy see Falk
Continuity, Change, and the Role of Leaders
institutes cited in Steffen Leidel, “Germany Bound to Russia over Energy Policy,” Deutsche Welle , 3 November 2004. 49 Television appearance on ard , 23 November 2004. 50 Many saw a conflict of interest in Schröder’s decision to work for Nordstream so soon
How Polish Political Elites Frame Their Discourse on “German Hegemony”
Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski and Maciej Olejnik
boycotted the common energy policy of the European Union, which would enable the reduction of the price of gas for smaller eu members. Instead, German authorities preferred conducting bilateral negotiations with Russia, as a result of which Germany pays
Luke B. Wood
. 3 (2012): 347-369 17 Haacke (see note 8) 18 Jennifer A. Yoder, “An Intersectional Approach to Angela Merkel’s Foreign Policy,” German Politics 20, no. 3 (2011): 360-375; Sarah Elise Williarty, “Gender and Energy Policy-Making Under the First Merkel
Examining the Alternative for Germany in European Context
debating “unconventional opinions” as long as they are not in violation of the constitution. 43 Fiscal and budget policies, secure pensions, family, education, and energy policies are also briefly addressed. 44 “Integration policy,” referring to