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Relational Ethics and Partiality

A Critique of Thad Metz’s ‘Towards an African Moral Theory’

Motsamai Molefe

his moral theory renders it relevantly African. And, when it is compared to extant (individualistic) attempts to capture African ethics, Metz considers his account to be (more) plausible insofar as it best captures moral intuitions prevalent below the

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Derek Edyvane and Demetris Tillyris

‘The fox knows many things, but the hedgehog knows one big thing’. -Archilochus quoted in Berlin, The Hedgehog and the Fox, 22

The fragment from the Greek poet Archilochus, quoted in Isaiah Berlin’s essay ‘The Hedgehog and the Fox’, serves as a metaphor for the long-standing contrast and rivalry between two radically different approaches to public ethics, each of which is couched in a radically different vision of the structure of moral value. On the one hand, the way of the hedgehog corresponds to the creed of value monism, reflecting a faith in the ultimate unity of the moral universe and belief in the singularity, tidiness and completeness of moral and political purposes. On the other hand, the way of the fox corresponds to the nemesis of monism, the philosophical tradition of value pluralism, to which this collection of essays is devoted. This dissenting countermovement, which emerges most clearly in the writings of Isaiah Berlin, Stuart Hampshire, Bernard Williams and John Gray, is fuelled by an appreciation of the perpetuity of plurality and conflict and, correspondingly, by the conviction that visions of moral unity and harmony are incoherent and implausible. In the view of the value pluralists, ‘there is no completeness and no perfection to be found in morality’ (Hampshire 1989a: 177).

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Michael W. Doyle

In a widely cited and controversial speech, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan highlighted the moral character of the boundaries of political sovereignty when he questioned whether respecting national sovereignty everywhere and always precluded the international protection of human rights. He argued that it did not and highlighted the importance of multilateral authorization. In this article, I explore the difference that multilateral authority, as opposed to unilateral national decision, should make in justifying armed intervention. Should the more salient role of the United Nations lead us to a more expansive tolerance of international intervention? And, if multilateralism does make a difference—and many think its impartiality is key—are good intentions enough? Had the international community also discovered how to intervene more effectively, with a better prospect of self-sustaining self-determination, at an acceptable humanitarian cost? I will conclude that multilateralism should widen our acceptance of intervention, even though the intentions at play are not reliably superior to unilateral intentions.

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William R. Caspary

publicly endorsing direct action in relation to this event or any other (see, e.g., Ryan 1995: 161 ; Westbrook 1991: 167). Discussing labor organizing, in the revised Ethics , Dewey and Tufts write: “When employer and workman become engaged in bitter

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Dethroning Deliberation

A Response to Caspary

Jeff Jackson

—stands up against Caspary’s challenge. Caspary does refer to a quote from the Ethics , which Dewey cowrote with James Tufts, in order to suggest that Dewey primarily wants workers to engage not in direct action but in reasoned discussion and cooperation

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Samuel Moyn and Jean-Paul Gagnon

that aspiration is going away. Gagnon: I'd love to know: which ethic, or ethics, motivates your work? Moyn: It's a good question, but I don't operate with a notion that ethics are our fundamental commitment, with politics following. What unites

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Leif Lewin

. Giving those in the minority veto power or requiring a consensus imparts a pro–status quo tilt to the political order ( Rae 1975 ). We must distinguish, in the post-Rawlsian discourse on ethics, between decisions that favor “those who are worst off” and

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Amit Ron

. “ Enfranchising All Affected Interests, and Its Alternatives. ” Philosophy & Public Affairs 35 ( 1 ): 40 – 68 . 10.1111/j.1088-4963.2007.00098.x Goodpaster , Kenneth E . 1991 . “ Business Ethics and Stakeholder Analysis .” Business Ethics Quarterly 1

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The Limits of Liberal Democracy

Prospects for Democratizing Democracy

Viviana Asara

). “ Foundations of Democracy ,” Ethics 66 ( 1/2 ): 1 – 101 . 10.1086/291036 Laclau , Ernesto ( 2000 ). “ Identity and Hegemony: The Role of Universality in the Constitution of Political Logics .” In Contingency, Hegemony, Universality: Contemporary

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Against Analogy

Why Analogical Arguments in Support of Workplace Democracy Must Necessarily Fail

Roberto Frega

market socialism .” Ethics 97 ( 3 ): 517 – 545 . 10.1086/292864 Arneson , Richard . 1993 . Democratic rights at national and workplace level . In The idea of democracy, ed. David Copp , Jean Hampton John Roemer , 118 – 48