belief that “discrimination against the Arab minority could endanger our struggle against anti-Jewish discrimination.” 12 AJC officials specifically feared that Israel’s treatment of the Arab minority would be used against American Jews amidst rising pro
The American Jewish Committee and Israel’s Palestinian Minority, 1948–1966
Geoffrey P. Levin
Sociological Research in the Regions of Eastern and Western Siberia
Valentin G. Nemirovskiy and Anna V. Nemirovskaya
This paper analyzes feelings of insecurity and fear amongst the population of Siberian regions in the face of various perceived dangers, based on research conducted in the Krasnoiarsk and Altai Territories, Novosibirsk and Omsk Regions, and the Republics of Khakassiia and Buriatiia, in the context of the general Russian situation. Quantitative methods—frequency, correlation, and factor analysis on survey data obtained from formalized face-to-face interviews—are used to gain an understanding of what factors respondents feel are “ugrozhaiushchie zhiznedeiatel'nosti” (activities threatening to social life). Siberians feel especially vulnerable to gender- and age-related discrimination, as well as governmental abuse of power and the threats inherent in economic development: chronic poverty, environmental threats, officials' arbitrariness, and crime and law enforcement authorities themselves. They also feel threatened by the presence of migrant groups and social minorities. However, an internal locus of control reduces their fears of threats to social life activities.
Gianfranco Baldini and Anna Cento Bull
In 2008, Silvio Berlusconi returned to power in Italy, thanks to a decisive
electoral victory, with a slimmer, more manageable coalition and
a government hinging on a group of ministers who were very close to
him. The previous year had ended under the banner of anti-politics
and, more specifically, of widespread mistrust of a government seen
as too quarrelsome and paralyzed by a crossfire of vetoes. It had also
been the year of La Casta (The Caste), the successful book by Sergio
Rizzo and Gianantonio Stella, which implacably denounced wasteful
spending in Italian politics, as well as the campaigns by Beppo Grillo,
which acted upon, and in turn fueled, a climate of deep resentment
The role-playing games community as a challenge to mainstream culture
Tat'iana Barchunova and Natal'ia Beletskaia
The article describes one of the most developed networks of intellectual youth in post-Soviet Russia. This network originated in science-fiction clubs and the 'Zarnitsa game' of the 1960s to 1980s. Yet unlike Zarnitsa games, which have been used at Soviet schools as an instrument of political mainstreaming, the current role-playing games community is opposing itself to mainstream politics and popular culture. The article approaches this network as a community of practice, which is constituted by three basic elements: learning, doing, and justification of meaning. Both leaders and rank-and-file members of the community justify their agency within the community through the concept of rule. It is the rule-governed community, which according to them, helps them to feel secure and fearless in a society that they see as devoid of any strict regulations. The article closes with an analysis of the inner and outer conflicts of the role-playing games community.
Refugees, Resentment and the Clash of Solidarities
singularly incapable of overcoming populist resentment towards foreigners (Arendt, Fassin, Ticktin). Disenchantment with government, fear of terrorism and resentment towards foreigners weaken European solidarity at a time when it is needed most. At the very
The Israeli Television Series Fauda
Nurith Gertz and Raz Yosef
mourning, as their source lies not only in past events, but also in the fear of events yet to happen. Thus, “trauma would no longer be the attempt to recover and reconstitute a past, but a way of being detained in anticipatory waiting” (ibid.: 41). In other
believed that Russia should join the EU because of economic benefits (23 per cent), out of fear of remaining ‘on the margins of Europe’ (19 per cent) and due to a desire to reach the same standard of living and of democracy and human rights (18 per cent
Is Israeli democracy in danger? One often hears nowadays that it is. It is worth recalling how often, and how confidently, this has been asserted in the past. Since May 1977, when the right-wing religious coalition first came to power, it has been claimed repeatedly that Israel’s democracy is deteriorating and some form of clerical fascism is emerging. In the aftermath of the 1977 election a member of the outgoing Labor government burned his papers, fearing what might happen if they fall into the new regime’s hands. These fears, then, were not confined to some radical fringe. In a somewhat less dramatic fashion I shared and voiced them too.
Thoughts from the Midan
On 25 January 2011, Egyptians took to the streets to protest against injustice and oppression. These public demonstrations lasted for three weeks, during which this peaceful tidal wave of people did not abate, culminating in the resignation of Egypt's president, Hosni Mubarak. These field notes, taken during two days of the protests, register the pendulum swings from hope to fear as recorded by one Egyptian anthropologist.
Evoking the Affective Powers of ‘Happiness’ in Commercial Surrogacy
This article explores how the notion of happiness is employed in order to obscure the moral ambiguity and intimate uncertainties of commercial surrogacy. My ethnographic data elucidate the ways in which surrogacy agents and other intermediaries operating in Russia and Ukraine evoke happiness. I discuss three forms of their affective labour: a discourse of fear and hope, the attempt to make surrogacy a joyous and happy process and the claim that there is a right to happiness. I contend that ‘happiness’ serves as the ultimate argument, an argument that has the affective power to override moral concerns and delegitimise critique.