impact of a given hazard ( Hewitt 1983 ; Wisner et al. 2004 ; Wisner et al. 2011 ). For many families in Santa Fe, the 2003 flood was the last straw. This article is based on translocal and transtemporal ethnographic fieldwork in Santa Fe City from 2004
In addressing mounting environmental problems in recent years, many Iranian environmentalists have increasingly adapted discourses and implemented programs that are modeled on scientific ecology. Does this mean the verbatim transfer of Western scientific modernity in Iran? My analyses suggest otherwise. This article explores the unique ways in which a burgeoning environmental awareness unfolds in Iranian contexts by investigating how conceptions of "nature" shape the environmentalists' discourses and practices. It appears that an ecological scientific conception of nature is becoming an important frame of reference among such environmentalists. However, another conception of nature-one framed in relation to Iranian nationhood-makes a key contribution to environmentalism in Iran. Drawing on fieldwork conducted in 2009-2011 in Tehran, this study demonstrates how "Iranian nature" is delineated and practiced through the environmentalists' (re)engagements with certain objects-maps, posters, and photographs-in relation to which local ways of conceptualizing nature are elaborated.
Using Schutz to Conceptualize the Nature Experiences of Secular People
David Thurfjell, Cecilie Rubow, Atko Remmel, and Henrik Ohlsson
Denmark, Estonia, and Sweden are, if measured by certain sociological criteria, considered to be three of the world’s most secular countries. Nature—forests, pristine beaches, and the countryside—plays a specific role in the allegedly secular discourse of the mainstream populations of these nations. Not only is it almost without exception deemed as a positive asset worthy of protection, it is also thought of as holding certain existential qualities. Based on ethnographic fieldwork and interviews, this article suggests that Alfred Schutz’s conceptualization of transcendence—further developed by Thomas Luckmann—can be used to describe the existential experiences in nature of contemporary secular people. The article results in a suggestion for an operational definition of transcendence.
This article analyzes local concerns with nature and natural changes in response to the tsunami of 2004 based on anthropological fieldwork in the South Indian fishing village of Tharangambadi. It explores the fishermen's effort to restore confidence in their environment after the disaster, and argues that this entails a subtle strategy of relating to climate and weather that aims at gradually transferring the rupture of the tsunami to a more manageable pattern of seasonal variation. In analytical terms, the article investigates how the fishermen work to reassert their subjectivity in the aftermath of the overwhelming disaster through operating with different perspectives on their environment. In conclusion, the article suggests that these shifting perspectives more generally reflect notions of different intensities of change and creative local modes of adaptation ensuing from a disruption like the tsunami.
building alternative models of livelihood in the wake of the peak of industrial agriculture. Research Methods All three texts are ethnographic, primarily based on periods of participant observation, though the format of fieldwork varied significantly
A Framework for Ethnographic Research on the Perceptions of Climate Change
Sophie Elixhauser, Stefan Böschen, and Katrin Vogel
Collins 2006 ). When starting fieldwork in a certain community, it is thus important to differentiate the research theme from the local setting as such. This means that although the starting point may be a “localizable” community, the inquiry will take us
Jaime Moreno Tejada
requires a drift from theory to method, thus moving media researchers from the comfort of armchair theorizing to the fear and loathing of (traditional) ethnographic fieldwork. This effort is, in my understanding, very similar to what Hegel referred to as
Illness, Invisibility, and Empowerment of Communities Struck by the Fracking Boom
Kristen M. Schorpp
expense of residents sets the tone for the many resident accounts that Gullion collects during her fieldwork. These accounts not only document the physical invasion of natural gas companies into people’s neighborhoods and onto people’s properties, but also
Hannah Swee and Zuzana Hrdličková
this special symposium by Hannah Swee who describes how local cyclone knowledge in the Australian tropics is formed as an assemblage of heterogeneous parts. Drawing on her fieldwork in Far North Queensland, she argues that this assemblage of knowledge
Constanza Parra and Casey Walsh
fieldwork, the authors show how local social and political movements engage with the total promise of globalization through local and partial efforts to force companies to engage in socially and environmentally responsible ways. By reworking neoliberal