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Poverty and Shame

Interactional Impacts on Claimants of Chinese Dibao

Jian Chen and Lichao Yang

Abstract

The Chinese minimum living standard guarantee (dibao), which has been in place since the 1990s, is one of the most important social assistance programs run by the Chinese government. There is extensive literature on dibao, a majority of which deals with how it is allocated in rural communities and its effectiveness in alleviating rural poverty. Receiving dibao is often considered a sign of poverty. Scholars have long discussed the shame experienced by people in poverty. However, very few empirical studies have paid attention to the interplay between shame and dibao. This study draws on one month of qualitative fieldwork, focused on dibao implementation in both urban and rural China. It aims to understand how dibao and shame are connected in relation to three elements of policy provision: discretion, rights, and negotiation.

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A Dignified Meal

Negotiated Spaces in India’s School Meal Program

Sony Pellissery, Sattwick Dey Biswas, and Biju Abraham

all. He looks at the clock in the classroom. It is just a minute before the bell. He closes his book and prepares himself to run to the area where the food is served. The above anecdote from fieldwork in a school in Kerala represents an everyday

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Adeel Hamza and John Gannon

instituted rituals of worship and deferred to experts in these matters; and that therefore religion was not something only Christians had’. His analy-sis needs to be kept in mind when reading: ‘In most human societies, the fieldworker will be in the presence

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Marine Dhermy-Mairal, Jean-François Bert, and Baudry Rocquin

by founding theories on ‘facts’. Facts were his fieldwork , and were to be found in books and administrative papers. This may explain why Halbwachs often felt isolated during his stay. He privileged what Topalov calls ‘choses vues’ and ‘choses lues

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Jean-Christophe Marcel

Stoetzel or the more qualitative fieldwork studies advocated by Georges Friedmann. At the same time, however, there was not just a continuation but a revival of an older, philosophically inspired socio-logical tradition, amounting to a new, ‘third age’ of

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In Memoriam

W. S. F. Pickering

William Watts Miller

serve as a trainee priest in the industrial north, Bill built up a stock of personal skills and experience that was invaluable not only for his ministry but also in doing fieldwork for his thesis. His research focused on a small, traditional working

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Ferenc Bódi, Jenő Zsolt Farkas, and Péter Róbert

University London . http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/docs/round6/fieldwork/source/ESS6_source_main_questionnaire.pdf . European Commission . 2013 . Social Europe: Current Challenges and the Way Forward—Annual Report of the Social Protection Committee

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Ian Mahoney and Tony Kearon

theoretically informed understanding of the Brexit vote in this locality. Much of this article draws on a subset of interviews produced by socioculturally and socioeconomically precarious men during fieldwork undertaken by one of the authors from 2010 to 2012 as

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Building Dignity?

Tracing Rights, Discretion, and Negotiation within a Norwegian Labor Activation Program

Erika Gubrium, Leah Johnstone, and Ivar Lødemel

and Data Collection Methods We conducted fieldwork at two small welfare offices in wealthier municipalities in the wider urban area of Oslo and in a neighboring county. The empirical data consisted of observations, interviews, and policy documents. We