harness the force of its empire more effectively, as each colony would “freely” contribute its energies toward French goals. 2 In these articles, Saint-Paul worked to reclaim the terms “empire” and “imperialism” from Bonapartist politics. He likely did so
Narrating the History of “Empire” in France, 1885–1900
East German ''People's Friendship'' as Nontraditional Diplomacy in the United States, 1961–1989
This article centers on the League of People’s Friendship of the German Democratic Republic. The League, composed of a main organization in East Berlin and national partner societies scattered around the globe, served as a tool of nontraditional diplomacy for East Germany’s ruling communist party across much of the Cold War. This article sketches out the activities of the League’s partner organizations in the U.S.—the first analysis to do so—arguing first that given the variety of challenges and problems the League and its partner organizations faced, the limited success of these groups in the U.S. is, in the end, rather remarkable. Second, this essay argues that these organizations offer further evidence that East Germany was not exactly a puppet state.
Class and Gender Dynamics among EU Civil Servants in Brussels
Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork between 2007 and 2011 in Brussels, this article shows how visual markers, class distinctions and classification of gender performances come together to create a ‘Euroclass’ among European civil servants. These markings, distinctions and classifications are denoted on bodily hexis and body performance and evoke stereotypes and essentialised representations of national cultures. However, after the enlargements of the EU in 2004 and 2007 they also reveal a postcolonial and imperial dynamic that perpetuates the division into ‘old’ and ‘new’ Europe and enables people from old member states to emerge as a different class that holds its cultural power firm in a dense political environment permeated by networks.
imperialism of Anglo-Saxon anthropologists’, which appears in one of the articles and is also echoed in another piece, following a critique developed in a review of the first conference of the European Association of Social Anthropologists ( Vale de Almeida
From French Others to Othering Frenchness
Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998); Jennifer Boittin, Colonial Metropolis: The Urban Grounds of Anti-Imperialism and Feminism in Interwar Paris (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2010
The European Adventurer Meets the Colonial Other
and Italian popular adventure literature to colonialism and imperialism. 3 As Jeffrey Richards argued, popular adventure fiction was ‘not just […] a mirror of the age but […] an active agency constructing and perpetuating a view of the world’. 4
Mark McKinney, Jennifer Howell, Ross William Smith, and David Miranda Barreiro
reading and exchanging Superman comics, Spanish children entered in contact with democratic values (as well as with US capitalism and imperialism, and the study does not shy away from addressing this) and challenged Francoist censorship. The reaction of
The Origins of Argentine Comics between the United States and Europe (1907–1945)
Amadeo Gandolfo and Pablo Turnes
hovered over comics as a means for US imperialism to penetrate and weaken national cultures and traditions. 34 Rather than a magazine where comics were mixed with other forms of content, or simply a magazine of comic strips, but aimed at adults, like the
Robert Benayoun on Comics and Roy Lichtenstein
assessment of the pioneering contribution made to it by the Communist and former surrealist Georges Sadoul, who assailed comics in the 1930s for conveying the ideologies of imperialism, capitalism and fascism to French youth, see Thierry Crépin, ‘Haro sur le
Naomi J. Andrews and Jennifer E. Sessions
Scholarly attention to the history and legacies of France's overseas empire is a welcome development of the last two decades, but the field of modern French colonial history has become overly focused on the “tensions” and “contradictions” of universalist republican imperialism. This introduction argues that we must recognize the ideological diversity of the French state and the complexity of the relationships between colonial and metropolitan histories in the modern period. The articles in this special issue show the critical role of the non-republican regimes of the nineteenth century in the construction of the modern French empire, and the ways that colonial entanglements shaped processes of post-Revolutionary reconstruction in France under the Restoration (1815–1830), July Monarchy (1830–1848), Second Republic (1848–1851), and Second Empire (1852–1870).