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Gargi Gangopadhyay

understanding, 1851], 9th ed. (Kolkata: 1857) . 32 Dutta, Charupath , Part II, 2. 33 Henry Schwarz and Gauri Viswanathan refer to the hegemonic constructions in these texts as “aesthetic imperialism” and “masks of conquest.” See Henry Schwarz, “Aesthetic

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M.I.A. in the Global Youthscape

Rethinking Girls' Resistance and Agency in Postcolonial Contexts

Lisa Weems

In this article I explore the performance art of international hip-hop artist M.I.A. to interrogate the problematic of girls' resistance and agency within a global youthscape. Using a feminist transnational framework, I analyze how her music and celebrity persona may be considered gendered post-colonial cultural productions that highlight issues of inequality, violence and domination. I argue that M.I.A.'s cultural productions serve as pedagogical symbolic resources for theorizing girlhood in post-colonial contexts specifically around issues of sexuality. As a symbolic resource, M.I.A.'s work is pedagogical in the larger global youthscape as well as in scholarship on girls in post-colonial contexts. Specifically, M.I.A. (in her music and interviews) openly wrestles with the embodied tensions between complicity and possibility in post-colonial girlhood. Consistent with a feminist transnational framework, I argue that the identities of “Third World” girls are discursively produced as innocent yet hypersexualized exotic Others in the service and/or mercy of “First World” colonial men and women. However, M.I.A. makes explicit that within the context of globalization, the cultural politics of gender and sexuality take place on/through/with brown female bodies—whether it is in the battlefield, the street or in the bedroom. A close analysis M.I.A.'s song 10 Dollar illustrates how Third World girls exercise resistance and agency in negotiating imperialist and nationalist heteropatriarchy.

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Karima Kadi-Hanifi

This interdisciplinary paper is about applying Adult Education methods of learning and teaching to higher education. I argue that higher education students need to be stimulated via interactive methods that improve their motivation and lead them to question the value system/s that exist around them. A Freirean approach as used in the teaching of Adult Literacy and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) was applied to a group of 'elite' students at the University of Birmingham who were taking a language foundation course. As a sociolinguist and ESOL practitioner from a black perspective, I argue that the understanding of concepts of language and racism, imperialism and social class can best be facilitated using such an approach. Taking groups of students through this learning journey is challenging for higher education practitioners and the results add a relatively new dimension to the collective reflection on learning and teaching in higher education today.

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In Memoriam

Tribute to Joyce Canaan

Shirin Housee

For my dear friend, colleague and comrade Joyce. I write this with great sadness. Joyce fought a strong and brave battle against cancer for nearly two years, hoping that the treatments would finally end so she could get on with her life. This was my hope, too, because Joyce has so much ‘unfinished business’ – the book to complete, the articles to write and her contribution to the struggles of the land movement in Brazil to make. In a truly Freirean sense, she was building a movement with this community of farmers, teachers and academics. Joyce struggled against capitalism and its many violences and oppressions – imperialism, racism, sexism, ableism. ‘Fuck them all,’ she would say. ‘Fuck them all and let us build a better world’.

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Introduction: World Knowledge and Non-European Space

Nineteenth Century Geography Textbooks and Children’s Books

Andreas Weiß

imperialism. Geographers used colonialism as a topic that could bring the new discipline funding and recognition. In Germany, Ferdinand von Richthofen propagated German colonial engagement in China. 6 It is for this reason that Gerhard Sandner and Mechthild

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Andreas Weiß

German flag flies from the Yangtze River till deep in the interior. … The German population of Asia numbers over 130,000. 39 This example also demonstrates how imperialism in East Asia could be framed in terms of European and international cooperation

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Neriko Musha Doerr

think with them while understanding their construction in a particular political economy and set of power relations – in the case of race, those of nineteenth-century European imperialism. Similarly, I suggest that the constructed and ideological aspects

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Girls with Disabilities in the Global South

Rethinking the Politics of Engagement

Xuan Thuy Nguyen

Indigenous scholar Linda Tuhiwai Smith argues that “[r]esearch is one way in which the underlying code of imperialism and colonialism is both regulated and realized” (1999: 7). The process of interventions into non-Western colonized territories has

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Are “the Natives” Educable?

Dutch Schoolchildren Learn Ethical Colonial Policy (1890–1910)

Elisabeth Wesseling and Jacques Dane

Dutch practices in the Indies: The Uprooted: Race, Children, and Imperialism in French Indochina, 1890–1980 (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2016). 15 In anglophone countries, scholarship, literature, film, public debate, and official government

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Beyond the Discourse of Sexualization

An Inquiry into the Adultification of Tween Girls’ Dressing in Singapore

Bernice Loh

taken to reflect positive national economic growth and the increasing economic capital of Singaporeans, the expansion of a consumer culture simultaneously invoked feelings of cultural imperialism among certain groups of Singaporeans. Chua reveals that