Since the mid-1990s, the international norms for global development have been redefined under non-governmental organizations’ (NGOs) critical e-mobilizations, powered by new media. International governmental organizations (IGOs) have been forced to make policy adjustments or concessions, resulting in new IGOs-NGOs policy regimes for consultative consensus building and for protecting people’s economic, social, and cultural rights (ESC) for enhancing social quality. This paper examines the emerging cosmopolitanism in the information age, focusing on NGOs’ advocacy networks, to understand the new media-enhanced participatory regime for global governance. It also illustrates a new form of social participation, as promoted by social quality theory, in the age of e-globalization and the information society. The paper has five parts. After outlining the globalization project threatening ESC rights, the second section examines critical engagements of NGOs and IGOs for human rights promotion. Parts three and four discuss, respectively, the struggles for ESC rights in shaping new ethics and norms for global development, and the variations of new social media mobilization. The paper ends with critical remarks on the project for larger freedom and human rights for all.
A New Epoch of Cosmopolitanism for Larger Freedom?
Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) open up the possibility of new forms of relationship and engagement, which form part of the sociality of modern society, leading some to characterize this as a transition to an "information society", a "network society", or a "third industrial revolution". This has implications for Social Quality, especially in terms of social cohesion, social inclusion and social empowerment. Drawing upon recent research we find that ICTs have added new dimensions to social life in ways that go beyond the original formulations of the digital divide. Conversely, Social Quality can also add important insights into our understanding of the relationship between society and technology. The article argues that discussions of Social Quality should take these dimensions into account.
Tuuli Lähdesmäki, Sigrid Kaasik-Krogerus, and Katja Mäkinen
general discussions on the information society and multimedia as its “new” medium, the discourse by the end of the 1990s had extended to a “European heritage provided in the digital environment” 47 and to a digital heritage. The development and perceived
Participation as the Cornerstone of Appropriate Methodologies
society” ( Companje 2013 ). This plea is born from and goes hand in glove with the prevailing neoliberal discourse. In the 2013 “King’s Speech” in the Netherlands, the underlying idea was clearly stated: “People in our network and information society are
Elif Mahir Metinsoy
(Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1999), 12–13. 67 See Robert Darnton, “An Early Information Society: News and Media in Eighteenth- Century Paris,” American Historical Review 105, no. 1 (February 2000): 1–35. 68 “Mızıkalar çalınıyor, / On altılı