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Elite de Façade et Mirages de l’Independance

Les Petits Entrepreneurs Etrangers en France dans l’Entre-Deux-Guerres

Claire Zalc

In the literature, immigrant entrepreneurs are described as the élite of the best “integrated” immigrants. Histories of migrant communities all insist on the role of the entrepreneurs as the center of the community and the symbol of social success. In this paper, I will discuss the diverse social meaning attached to being an entrepreneur for an immigrant in Paris during the interwar period. In order to describe the social position of immigrant entrepreneurs, I worked on professional careers, based on the study of more than two hundred applications for French nationality from foreign entrepreneurs during the first half of the twentieth century. It's hard to conclude that there is a one-way social mobility of entrepreneurs, either ascendant or descendent. While some went from the working class to owning a shop, eventually able to spend and save money, others became entrepreneurs as a necessity rather than choice.

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David Owen

( Beirens 2020 ), while rescue boats in the Mediterranean are denied access to Italian and Maltese ports, and refugee settlement programs have been suspended ( Lenard 2020 ). Within borders that have become instruments of quarantine, migrant workers in many

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Marcos S. Scauso, Garrett FitzGerald, Arlene B. Tickner, Navnita Chadha Behera, Chengxin Pan, Chih-yu Shih, and Kosuke Shimizu

, in particular, Chinese descent have borne the brunt of racist outbreaks in the United States and elsewhere, migrants, asylum seekers, and Muslims (in the specific case of India), have also been blamed for spreading the contagion. Such binary

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Asma Abbas

the pandemic and of political annihilation, and of the migrant fugues that make it impossible to think about place as a guarantor of being. A migrant who might count as a worker and citizen in more than one place, but probably never as any place's own

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Nancy S. Love, Sanford F. Schram, Anthony J. Langlois, Luis Cabrera, and Carol C. Gould

field research at a migrant detention center in the small Spanish territory of Ceuta, bordering Morocco on the north African coast. He had managed to scale a pair of three-meter fences topped with razor-wire to enter the enclave territory, but he was

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American Quarantine

The Right to Housing in a Pandemic

Bonnie Honig

another: police brutality. Rehearsed on migrants at the border, that chicken came home to roost in June when border policing troops were called up to quell the mostly peaceful protests in Washington, D.C. and Lafayette Park was brutally cleared of

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From “De Facto King” to Peasants’ Communes

A Struggle for Representation in the Discourse of the Polish Great Emigration, 1832–1846/48

Piotr Kuligowski

the outset Polish migrants had to face a few urgent, practical problems: the choice of an emigration authority and its headquarters. Certain organized Polish groups beyond Paris, the so-called dépôts , did not consider the Polish community in the

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Democracy in a Global Emergency

Five Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic

Afsoun Afsahi, Emily Beausoleil, Rikki Dean, Selen A. Ercan, and Jean-Paul Gagnon

families separated by them and the migrant workers (see: Abbas, Owen, this issue)? These people have largely been an afterthought. In addition, a pandemic that pays no heed to national borders is unlikely to be permanently eradicated within a nation by its

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Simon Tormey and Jean-Paul Gagnon

’s a free lunch, oh, and by the way, I’ve got this problem with migrant workers, do you think you could do something about them?” Power requires a particular kind of comportment just as it does to resist it. To resist the urge, that magnetic pull, of

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Migration to the “First Large Suburban Ghetto” in America

Korean Immigrant Merchants in South Central Los Angeles in the 1980s

Chanhaeng Lee

-class neighborhoods, including South Central Los Angeles, before the influx of African American migrants from the South in the 1940s and 1950s. Jewish shopkeepers owned a large number of South Central Los Angeles’s furniture, jewelry, and liquor stores. During the