In a recent issue of this journal, Darrel Moellendorf evaluates three socialist models of economic organisation in terms of their efficiency and equity attributes (Moellendorf 1997). From the perspective of the cogency of the arguments made within the worldview accepted by Moellendorf, his contribution must certainly be judged a scholarly and thoughtfully written piece. However, as a free’market economist I find the central claim of his article – that any of the three socialist models discussed can successfully reproduce or even approximate the individual freedom and economic efficiency of a private-property rights system – implausible to say the least.
Reply to Darrel Moellendorf
Anton D. Lowenberg
This paper argues that the two models of collective responsibility David Miller presents in National Responsibility and Global Justice do not apply to nations. I first consider the 'like-minded group' model, paying attention to three scenarios in which Miller employs it. I argue that the feasibility of the model decreases as we expand outwards from the smallest group to the largest, since it increasingly fails to capture all members of the group adequately, and the locus of any like-mindedness becomes too abstract and vague to have the causal force the model requires. I thereafter focus on the 'cooperative practice' model, examining various ways in which the analogy Miller draws between an employee-led business and a nation breaks down. In concluding I address the concern that my arguments have worrying consequences and suggest that, on the contrary, the rejection of the idea of national responsibility is a positive move.
In this article the author examines the way in which concepts of citizenship and rights have been transmitted not only by conquest, but also by the imitation of Greek and Roman models. Also, the article discusses the way in which early modern empires, modelling themselves on the classical Roman empire in particular, bring these two elements together. Extensive historiographical work on the reception of European thought in the New World has been produced on both sides of the Atlantic and some important contributions that deal with the impact of the New World encounters in European thought have recently been made. However, the author argues that little work has been done on classical modelling as a vehicle for the transmission of concepts. The long tradition of classical learning, revived in the European Renaissance, made Latin the lingua franca of Europe, and school curricula across Europe ensured that members of the Republic of Letters were exposed to the same texts. This, together with the serviceability of the Roman model as a manual for Empire, ensured the rapid transmission of classical republican and imperial ideas. The author takes England and the British Empire as a case study and provides a variety of examples of classical modelling.
Francesco Maria Scanni and Francesco Compolongo
‘philosophy of praxis’. It can therefore be rediscovered and reinterpreted in light of changes in society and in development models, allowing us to decipher the intricate processes of our times and the social and political responses enacted in turn. Gramscian
Foreign Governesses in Wallachia in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
was a member of a professional group with a significant impact not only on the elite in this part of Europe, but also on educational initiatives for girls: namely, governesses. The model of private education provided by governesses in aristocratic
future) democratic university mechanisms. Dimensional Analysis of Democracy The article deploys what I term a dimensional analysis of democracy. I offer this as a particular way of analysing contending democratic models and practices. Dimensional analysis
Ana Isabel González Manso
, Pierre Rosanvallon highlighted that although doctrinaires used history to challenge the jus rationalist model (already criticized by Burke), they did so in a very different way than the representatives of German political romanticism, which extolled the
Young Women in the Tsukunft Youth Movement in Interwar Poland and Their Role Models
empowering and often radicalizing experience of young Tsukunft women during the interwar period as they learned from their female role models how to live, organize, rebel, resist, and fight. I argue that despite the scarcity of high-ranking female leaders
State Intervention and the Overcoming of Dependency in Africa before the Crisis of the 1970s
distortions is flawed. Here instead the backdrop to the argument is the developmental state literature that has been applied to various parts of the world but which originated with writing on East Asia. The initial model for this development was Japan as a
Lawrence Ogbo Ugwuanyi
wars in Africa at the moment. To do this, the article will question the ideals and models through which pan-Africanism draws its vision, the expected outcome of the inspiration and model, and the relevance of this to postcolonial African modernity. The