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Travel and Transformation

A Diachronic Study of the Changing Concept of Weisheng in Chinese Journals, 1880-1930

Bo Hu

course of weisheng’s transformation, with the awakening of the Chinese to the effectiveness of Japan’s modernization that led to a Chinese student movement to Japan that was “probably the largest mass student movement overseas in the world history up to

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Conceptual History in Korea

Its Development and Prospects

Myoung-Kyu Park

This article explores the development of Korea's conceptual history from the perspective of sociology of knowledge by focusing on the intellectual environment since the early 1990s, pioneers and areas of conceptual research, the kinds of expectations that Korean scholars have of conceptual research, data archiving and methodology, works and tasks of conceptual history in Korea. The article finds that the conceptual research on Korea's modernization is a good approach to construct a reflexive history beyond the false dichotomy of Western influence and nationalistic response.

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From “Liberal Minimum” to the “Complete Catalog of Human Rights”

On Central Concepts of Hungarian Postdissident Liberals

Ferenc Laczó

This article analyzes how five leading Hungarian postdissident liberal thinkers conceptually constructed their view of liberalism in the early years of postcommunism. Studying Beszélő, the most signi cant liberal journal during the early years of representative democracy, it shows how they did so through references to political “threats” and the idea of a “liberal minimum” (János Kis), local liberal and democratic traditions and “progressive patriotism” (Miklós Szabó), the ongoing “liberal-conservative revolution” and the creation of a “new political community” (Gáspár Miklós Tamás), antipolitics and “expertise” (György Konrád), and the “complete catalog of human rights” and the agenda of “modernization” (István Eörsi), respectively. Next to its conceptual analysis of heavily influential individual thinkers, the article discusses the ambition of postdissident Hungarian liberals to harmonize liberal and democratic tenets. Last but not least, it elaborates on the left-wing origins of many of their central concepts that, as suggested here, ultimately hindered liberalism's assumption of a central position in the new political system.

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Christian Egander Skov

The article explores the concept of empire, or rige, in the context of a small nation-state with no immediate claim to imperial greatness and with a rooted self-understanding as anything but an empire. It does this by exploring the concept of empire in the far right movement Young Denmark on the basis of a close reading of their imperialist program in the pamphlet Danmark udslettes! from 1918. Rige had been a vague term for the larger Danish polity that originated in a pre-national conceptualization of the polity as a realm. The article suggests that rige-as-realm was translated by the radical right into a concept of empire. In the process it dramatically changed its emphasis, reorienting itself toward a "horizon of expectation". It became a politically loaded battle concept that then entailed a critique against the dominant liberal conceptualization of the polity and nation. Rige came to signify the ambition of being a great power, the spiritual elevation of the nation through the transcendence of the decaying liberal modernity. The program addressed the tension between a conservative political attitude and modernity and thus signified a kind of reactionary modernism that rejected liberal values while at the same time celebrating technology, industrialization, and the process of modernization.

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Ism Concepts in Science and Politics

Jani Marjanen

Introduction”; Jussi Kurunmäki and Jani Marjanen, “Isms, Ideologies and Setting the Agenda for Public Debate”; Ivo Spira, “Chinese Isms: The Modernization of Ideological Discourse in China”; Helge Jordheim, “Keeping the ‘Ism’ in ‘Cosmopolitanism’: Wieland and

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Stefan Nygård, Matti La Mela, and Frank Nullmeier

modernization. The eighteenth-century verb “to modernize” and the notion of a “modernist” as someone who is a partisan of the modern were in the following century accompanied by more programmatic uses of the term modernism. The different contexts in which the

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Timo Pankakoski and Antto Vihma

, however, is open to an alternative reading: alongside fragmentation, the parallel processes of differentiation and the division of labor are constitutive aspects of modern society. The key impulses here come from Émile Durkheim’s theory of modernization in

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Roberto Farneti

-Erik Skaaning (2012) stress the inconclusiveness of surveys and analyses on the link between fractionalized societies and democracy. Hinnebusch (2006: 377) maintains that earlier failures led to a revision of modernization theory that “was based more on

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Alexander Weiss

related to, but distinguished from, adjacent concepts such as “conditions of democracy” or “contexts of democratic thought.” The former concept has its roots in modernization theories—from Tocqueville and J.S. Mill, to Huntington and Inglehart—and is used

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Anton Jansson, Kai Vogelsang, and Nele Kuhlmann

of -Isms” Exploring China’s Sattelzeit Ivo Spira, A Conceptual History of Chinese –Isms: The Modernization of Ideological Discourse, 1895–1925 (Leiden: Brill, 2015), 344 pp. KAI VOGELSANG University of Hamburg Ivo Spira’s Conceptual History of