This article approaches money as the object of a particular type of remembrance work occurring in present-day, post-communist Bucharest. Since the 1989 revolution, the Romanian leu has changed numerous times in appearance and value. Piecing together observations from over a decade of fieldwork in Bucharest, I evaluate everyday behaviours and conversations surrounding these changes, and examine how the leu has been implicated in subjective, highly charged encounters closely bound to the workings of memory. The leu's fluctuating terminology, along with its material and imagerial variations over time have triggered poignant associations and recollections that often remain unspoken, embedded in unseen realms of the mind. By emphasising the leu's role as an everyday artefact and its connections to processes of 'communicative' memory, I point to the present-day climate in Bucharest as one where perceptions of the leu's multiple forms and manifestations reveal strong ambivalences towards current accession-era values, as well as deep uncertainties about Romania's 'European' future.
Encounters with Money and Memory in Post-communist, Accession-era Romania
Sakha ethnic music business, upward mobility and friendship
The Sakha have had their own popular music since the 1970s. During the Soviet era, music culture was controlled by the state. Starting in the 1990s, new pop-music institutions and venues emerged and new entrepreneurs entered the music business as club owners, managers, producers, DJs, etc. In this article, I examine multiple social relations in the music business. Music has become a possibility for village youth to leave their villages and gain fame as artists. The Sakha music world contains various networks where criminal structures, artists, businessmen and media are interlinked. Through this linkage, music is used to gain a community's support for semi-legal business activities. At the same time, both the artists and producers present themselves to the public as the custodians of Sakha 'national' culture. The article discusses ways in which the artists' popularity is connected to their position in the music business, and how ethnic symbols are used to gain success.
Marriage has become an expensive proposition in the United Arab Emirates, so much so that it is used by some Emirati men as justification for marrying someone outside Emirati society. This article examines the changes in Emirati weddings over the last 30 years, presents a synopsis of the public discussion of Emirati marriages, and considers how the carefully contained public discussion deflects the comprehensive changes that have transformed Emirati society.
Jerusalem on Israeli Banknotes
Na'ama Sheffi and Anat First
2011 ). The last two decades have seen the development of scholarship on money and nationalism that examines how representations are selected for banknotes in different countries from different perspectives. Some interpret the function of the legal
having been a reindeer herder; having been educated by the elders through observing, listening, and participating; having been open to the outside world, worried about the exploitation of people and the environment, about the growing role of money in
needed and it would make nomadism difficult ( Klokov et al. 2013: 184 ). Thus, the Nenets evaluate the quality of material wealth in regard to its suitability for nomadic reindeer herding in tundra conditions. The measure of wealth is not money but
Alla Bolotova, Anastasia Karaseva, and Valeria Vasilyeva
’s demise, the government maintained special financial incentives to recruit people to the areas with so-called hostile climate and underdeveloped social infrastructure. The newcomers, who arrived from all over the USSR, usually planned to make money and
Das Sein bestimmt das Bewusstsein?
who live in the Arctic are constantly challenged by questions like, How do I organize my life in the Arctic? How do I reach the mainland? Where do I buy mutton? How do I transfer money to my children who live in larger southern cities? How do I use the
Demographic Decline and the Public Response in the Late Soviet Period
capital. In bourgeois political economies, everything is translated into money, and many economists in capitalist countries look upon people as a part of the national wealth and calculate the general value of the population in dollars and pounds sterling
The Imprisonment of Women in Eighteenth-Century Siberia
military men that served with her father and brother repeatedly came to pay respects, bring gifts, and receive loans of money from Iusupova while enjoying conversation, dining on fine food, and drinking vodka with her and Abbess Dorofeia. 27 On 30 April