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Peter Jones, Michael Butler, Taylor Smith, Matthew C. Eshleman, and David Detmer

Three articles analyze David Detmer’s first book on Sartre, Freedom as a Value. Peter Jones argues that Sartre uses freedom in only one sense, as freedom to choose, whereas Detmer argues that Sartre distinguishes between freedom of choice (“ontological freedom”) and freedom of obtaining (“practical freedom”). Michael Butler’s paper contends that under a Sartrean framework, any moral judgment we make regarding our own action is never final; the meaning and moral value of our past actions always remains reinterpretable in light of what unfolds in the future. Our interactions with other people reveal that we are responsible for far more than we had initially supposed ourselves to be choosing when we began our project, such that it is in fact impossible to ever finish taking responsibility completely. Taylor Smith and Matthew Eshleman tackle Sartre’s supposed “subjectivism” from the opposite angle. They agree with Detmer that Sartre’s belief that values are mind-dependent does not necessarily entail ethical subjectivism, but argue that even the early Sartre was more fully committed to a cognitivist view of normative justification than Detmer allows. Detmer’s replies to all three essays round out this section and this issue.

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Elizabeth Hoyt and Gašper Jakovac

to moral judgment and at the same time posits against pacifism that war may be morally justified’ (p. 5). By looking at the plays chronologically, Quabeck hopes to show a progression: while earlier works ‘juxtapose the two diametrically opposed

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Sarah Horton

excuse to pass judgment on people in situations that cannot truly be imagined without being endured. To say that anyone who uses violence is in limited bad faith is not to make a moral judgment. Let us turn to a concrete example to clarify this argument

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Knowledge, Ignorance, and Pilgrimage

Evgenia Mesaritou, Simon Coleman, and John Eade

's (1977/1995) terms as ways of “ordering of a given multiplicity” (1977/1995: 149), of identifying and therefore distinguishing, controlling and disciplining the pilgrims by producing categories that carry with them moral judgments such as those of the

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Ecaterina Lung

While the historian does not express a moral judgment on this matter, his lack of reaction could be explained by the fact that the events happened in Persia. These Barbarians, prototypes of Otherness, were believed to have strange customs compared to the

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From Act to Fact

The Transformation of Suicide in Western Thought

Daniel Gordon

Revolution, and all non-Western customs in which suicide is performed as a perceived moral duty. 44 Durkheim’s harshest moral judgment is reserved for all previous traditions within which suicide was a moral act. To appreciate Durkheim’s stupendous

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Beyond the Myth of Lesbian Montmartre

The Case of Chez Palmyre

Leslie Choquette

-haired women …” These customers too are depicted with empathy. Though Colette makes no attempt to hide their involvement in prostitution and drugs, she carefully avoids making any moral judgment. 48 Perhaps in reaction to Colette’s article, a man about town

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Leslie Paul Thiele and Marshall Young

certainty – far from it in the case of moral judgment. I would suggest that the important role of moral examples lies in their suitability as just such reasons, and that they are useful precisely to the extent to which they are examples of the exercise of

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Moral Conflict

The Private, the Public and the Political

Marios Filis

make utilitarianism a monistic, and ultimately, a reductionist theory, or the utility principle will be one more moral rule, among others. Monism has always been attractive precisely because it promises possible and unproblematic moral judgments, in a

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The Problem of Modern Pederasty in Queer History

A Case Study of Norman Douglas

Rachel Hope Cleves

of child prostitution during Douglas's lifetime, however, causes discomfort because it gives the appearance of exculpating Douglas from moral judgment for a behavior that is considered inexcusable at present. The word “normal” seems to connote moral