Discourses and practices of anticipation occupy a hypertrophic space in contexts where uncontrolled industrial growth has inflicted grave damage on peoples and territories, even triggering environmental disasters. This article explores the use of nonhuman species as anticipatory devices in a petrochemical terminal in Sicily, focusing on public representations of three species: scavenger bacteria that play a cleansing role and underline citizens’ moral responsibility to secure their best possible futures through bioscience; migrating flamingos that breed under the petrochemical chimneys, raising the possibility of hopefulness by highlighting ecosystem resilience; and fish affected by spina bifida, which reveal human health status in advance, communicating the need to live in preparation for potential diseases. The analysis reveals the highly contentious character of these anticipatory devices and the contested ideas about possible futures they imply, thus shedding light on the ecological frictions that have repercussions locally and globally, in discourse and social practice.
Living Species and the Latency of Biological and Environmental Threats
Arvind K. Joshi
The aged in India have conventionally enjoyed privileges within the framework of a social economy where the needs of the old remained a moral responsibility of family, kith and kin. However the present changing times have forced a shift in the approach to old age care. The old person finds him- or herself in a sticky situation, in between an insensitive state and the demands of globalization. The present paper situates this problem within the framework of globalization and systematically measures the strategic response of the state to this daunting challenge, with respect to economic security and health care in particular. In the conclusion, the paper argues for a rejection of the conventional welfare approach and it advocates an integrated approach based on a coherent social development perspective within the valuation framework of social quality.
A Phenomenological Account of Mind
Julia Cassaniti and Tanya Marie Luhrmann
In this article we compare the encounter with the supernatural—experiences in which a person senses the immaterial—in Thailand and in the United States. These experiences appear to be shaped by different conceptions of the mind. In the US, there is a sharp, natural division between one's mind and the world; in Thailand, individuals have the moral responsibility to control their minds. These differences appear to explain how people identify and sense the supernatural. In the US, it is an external, responsive agent; in Thailand, it is an energy that escapes from an uncontrolled mind. Here we approach phenomenology—the experience of experience—comparatively, identifying patterns in social expectations that affect the ways in which humans think, feel, and sense. We take an experiential category of life that we know to be universal and use it to analyze cultural concepts that influence the enactment and interpretation of feeling and sensing.
Human-Centrism, Posthumanism, and AI
Nandita Biswas Mellamphy
, Daniel W. 2020 . “ Responsible AI and Moral Responsibility: A Common Appreciation .” AI and Ethics . https://doi.org/10.1007/s43681-020-00009-0 . 10.1007/s43681-020-00009-0 Willett , Cynthia . 2014 . Interspecies Ethics . New York : Columbia
Jeffrey Luppes, Klaus Berghahn, Meredith Heiser-Duron, Sara Jones, and Marcus Colla
eastern Germans (131). Chapter 5 considers these issues from a different angle, that of moral responsibility and agency. If, Espindola asks, we are to respect im as fully fledged agents then must we not hold them accountable for their actions? If so
‘On the General Physics of Law and Morality, 4th Year of the Course, 1st Lecture, December 2, 1899, Course Outline: On Penal Sanctions’
Émile Durkheim, edited and translated by François Pizarro Noël, and Ronjon Paul Datta
therefore be studied in accordance with the corresponding species of sanctions, and we thus obtain the following divisions in the course: – Repressive sanctions and penal (and moral) responsibility – Restitutive sanctions and civil responsibility – Positive
Tracing a Transdisciplinary Focal Concept
Melissa M. Parks
-human—which carry with them attendant moral responsibilities” (587). Thus, our connection to and situatedness within a biotic community, a natural ecosystem, does not discount our obligations to our correlating social communities (and vice versa). This is a critical
Talal Asad, Jonathan Boyarin, Nadia Fadil, Hussein Ali Agrama, Donovan O. Schaefer, and Ananda Abeysekara
scholars had noted Asad's questions about how ascribing agency involves imputing or disowning (legal/moral) responsibility, they might have thought carefully about subjectivity and power without trying to identify individual agency across history. One of
Jaap Westbroek, Harry Nijhuis, and Laurent van der Maesen
interdisciplinary dialogue. Picking up the baton and actually doing this is primarily the moral responsibility of the fragmented scientific communities. Laszlo is explicit about the responsibilities of the representatives of the sciences in today's digital world. He
Virtuous Action and Obligation in Contemporary Tibet
and communities. Anthropological studies exploring the moral dimensions of human life have tended to focus on conceptions and experiences of individual moral responsibility, personhood, and self-cultivation. 16 The focus in this article on particular