While the rise of populism in Western Europe over the past three decades has received a great deal of attention in the academic and popular literature, less attention has been paid to the rise of its opposite— anti-populism. This short article examines the discursive and stylistic dimensions of the construction and maintenance of the populism/anti-populism divide in Western Europe, paying particular attention to how anti-populists seek to discredit populist leaders, parties and followers. It argues that this divide is increasingly antagonistic, with both sides of the divide putting forward extremely different conceptions of how democracy should operate in the Western European political landscape: one radical and popular, the other liberal. It closes by suggesting that what is subsumed and feared under the label of the “populist threat” to democracy in Western Europe today is less about populism than nationalism and nativism.
Niklas Olsen, Irene Herrmann, Håvard Brede Aven, and Mohinder Singh
–988, here 980. Beyond Universalism and Nativism The Conceptual Vocabulary of Indian Modernity Gita Dharmpal-Frick, Monika Kirloskar-Steinbach, Rachel Dwyer, and Jahnavi Phalkey, eds., Key Concepts in Modern Indian Studies (New Delhi: Oxford
A History of the Concept of Separation of Church and State in the Netherlands
constitutional principle after 1900, under the influence of anti-Catholic rhetoric and American nativism. 81 Such a critical historical evaluation of a popularly held conviction is not only important for the United States, where the separation of church and
The Diasporic Lives of Concepts
flora, and the now familiar binary of the native/alien emerged. While the term continued to be used in the coming decades, no general policy about native/aliens emerged. 37 It is only with growing nativism that we see the beginning of the policing of