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Uffe Jakobsen

This article traces the uses of the concept of citizenship in Danish public discourse in light of the theoretical framework of conceptual history. The author draws upon parliamentary debates, media articles, and debates on political subjects that are part of the textual corpus that served to create The Danish Dictionary in order not only to identify the different usages and conceptual changes of “citizenship” but also to identify the actors using the concept. In addition to mapping the use of “citizenship” in its traditional meanings, such as the entitlement to rights, political identity, civic virtue, and political participation, the Jakobsen encounters a new meaning, namely, citizenship as “free consumer choice.” This conceptual change, however, is only espoused by elected politicians, while ordinary people tend to preserve the traditional meanings of citizenship.

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Where Only Wind Was Once Sown

The Tradition of Republicanism and the Agrarian Question in Brazil

Heloisa Maria Murgel Starling

The article traces the reception of different strands of Republicanism in Brazil. French republicanism inspired authors such as Euclides da Cunha in his realization that a true Brazilian republic would only be achieved with the inclusion of its vast interior and its destitute population. But the reception of republicanism in Brazil also drew from Anglo-Saxon sources, which resulted also in an emphasis on the political nature of the community. American republicanism, with its conception of territorial expansion, land possession, and active economic participation added a further dimension to Brazilian republicanism. In particular, Teofilo Otoni's attempt to create a political community in the Mucury Valley was modeled after the ideals of American republicanism. Even if the Brazilian republicanism that emerged from the reception of these strands failed to impose its agenda over the political mainstream, it provided a unifying ideology for the opposition throughout the Second Empire and the First Republic, and still constitutes a source of inspiration for political reform and criticism.

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Katja Mäkinen

The question in this article is how citizenship is reinvented and recontextualized in a newly founded European Union after the launching of Union Citizenship. What kind of conceptions of citizenship are produced in this new and evolving organization? The research material consists of documents presented by EU organs from 1994 to 2007 concerning eight EU programs on citizenship and culture. I will analyze conceptual similarities (continuities) and differences (discontinuities) between these documents and previous conceptualizations in various contexts, including citizenship discussions in the history of integration since the 1970s as well as theories of democracy and nation-states. Based on the analysis of participation, rights, and identity as central dimensions of citizenship, I will discuss the relationship of Union Citizenship to democracy and nationality.

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The Modernity of Political Representation

Its Innovative Thrust and Transnational Semantic Transfers during the Sattelzeit (Eighteenth to Nineteenth Centuries)

Samuel Hayat and José María Rosales

together with citizens’ participation and should thus constitute the basis for any thick conception of democracy. 6 This “democratic turn,” produced since the late 1990s in the theory of political representation, was soon followed, and sometimes rivaled

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Introduction

Experiences of Time in the Ibero-American World, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Javier Fernández-Sebastián and Fabio Wasserman

and two international conferences held in Bilbao and in São Paulo in November 2013 and April 2014, respectively. The first, in collaboration with a group led from Valencia University by Faustino Oncina, involved the participation of Ernst Müller

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From “De Facto King” to Peasants’ Communes

A Struggle for Representation in the Discourse of the Polish Great Emigration, 1832–1846/48

Piotr Kuligowski

artificial science or foreign philosophy but on pondering over the Bible—were common among the Polish peasants. Thus, the Polish radicals believed that the people's will in politics should be pursued directly. It was not to be a controlled participation with

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The Conceptual and Anthropological History of Bat Mitzvah

Two Lexical Paths and Two Jewish Identities

Hizky Shoham

consumer culture, understood as a source of meaning for people’s lives and created with active consumer participation rather than mere commercial manipulation. 10 In modern industrial society, the numerical count of a person’s years and the transition

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Scandinavianism

Mapping the Rise of a New Concept

Ruth Hemstad

consolidate Sweden after the loss of Finland in 1809. Norway was presented as compensation as well as a reward for Swedish participation in the concluding wars against Napoleon. As part of his strategy, Bernadotte consciously tried to change the concepts of

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Eternity and Print

How Medieval Ideas of Time Influenced the Development of Mechanical Reproduction of Texts and Images

Bennett Gilbert

unity is equally strongly held. 39 This is not to say that Gregory or anyone else solved the problem of participation, for his account is inconsistent, if not muddy. But it had this advantage, that a religion founded on divine incarnation and

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Times of Democracy

The Unavoidable Democracy of Mid-Nineteenth-Century Denmark

Anne Engelst Nørgaard

claims for a constitution. 33 The absence of a liberal concept of democracy in most of the constitutional struggle reflects a general tendency on the part of liberals to be somewhat reserved in their participation in public debates. While liberal