This article presents an ethnographic study of watermelon cultivators in the Russian Far East and how they approach and respond to climatic risk. For watermelon cultivators, the spatial boundaries of climatic risk are perceived as the baseline condition for the watermelon market, in which cultivators compete with each other by dealing with uncertainties caused by weather changes. While the market is linked to the spatial boundaries of climatic risk, this connection is only meaningful when there are weather changes that differently affect individuals within the boundary; weather changes that affect individual performance in the competitive watermelon market is perceived according to a recursive and cyclic timescale, rather than a linear one as discussed by most theories of the Anthropocene.
The fundamental sustainability tension may be said to lie in reconciling want and greed. This places the human self or the human soul as a moral battleground where desire and duty constantly attempt to triumph over each other. However, desire must be understood and integrated as part of a fully self-conscious human self in order to enable a consistent and unwavering performance of duty. In this article, I propose the Hindu notion of the purusharthas, or the fourfold path to self-actualization, as one illustrative example of a green telos. The purusharthas prescribe a path comprising of material and sensuous experience, in obedience to dharma or duty, such that moksha or a state of complete self-awareness may be achieved. I suggest that the stage of dharma is thus where the most profitable connections between Hinduism and sustainable development might be made.
Anthropocene as Science Fiction and Scholarship-in-the-Making
Heather Anne Swanson, Nils Bubandt, and Anna Tsing
How might one responsibly review a field just coming into being—such as that provoked by the term Anthropocene? In this article, we argue for two strategies. First, working from the premise that the Anthropocene field is best understood within its emergence, we review conferences rather than publications. In conference performances, we glimpse the themes and tensions of a field-to-come. Second, we interpret Anthropocene as a science-fiction concept, that is, one that pulls us out of familiar space and time to view our predicaments differently. This allows us to explore emergent figurations, genres, and practices for the transdisciplinary study of real and imagined worlds framed by human disturbance. In the interplay and variation across modes for constructing this field, Anthropocene scholarship finds its shape.
comparing performance in organizations, “new secret organisational worlds” form that create and exploit invisibility in order to appear better in performance metrics. More than that, we must understand measurement not just as a way of seeing but also as a
An Anthropology of Marine Stock Enhancement Science in Japan
; Lien and Law 2011 ). “Performance,” then, refers to the embodiment of an idea of fish but not the fish or a thing in itself. The practice of italicizing Clupea pallasii means the words themselves look more sacred than secular, inferring on science an
Mark C. J. Stoddart and Paula Graham
on the interplay of culture, political and economic structures, and the embodied performances of humans and nonhuman nature. Our analysis demonstrates that tourist places move through a process of “double translation,” which is characterized by
Environmental Sociology Meets Science and Technology Studies
Rolf Lidskog and Göran Sundqvist
proactive measures ( Mol 1996 ). Not only policies but also practices have changed, and environmental performance has been boosted in many areas, such as air pollution and CFC emissions. Ecological rationality is slowly catching up with economic rationality
Victoria C. Ramenzoni and David Yoskowitz
and life quality, the second cycle of indicator development was inspired in concrete decision-making needs, performance evaluation, and the creation of sustainability within broader community issues. The difference in approaches between these two
Evert Van de Vliert
sweltering summers. A further critique, scrutinized here for the first time, is that the degree of wealth is confounded with major determinants of economic performance ( Maddison 1982 ). Poor countries tend to have agrarian economies whereas rich countries
Civil Society and Urban Agriculture in Europe
Mary P. Corcoran and Joëlle Salomon Cavin
. , and Amartya Sen . 2009 . Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress . Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress , Paris . http