Best known as political radicals and novelists, Mary Wollstonecraft and Thomas Holcroft each wrote a travel narrative: Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark ( 1987) and Travels from Hamburg through Westphalia, Holland and the Netherlands to Paris (1804), respectively. Despite their specific differences, both Wollstonecraft and Holcroft reconfigure travel as a politically inflected act of cultural encounter, resisting both the Grand Tour tradition of elite education and Romantic travel as an asocial and personal experience of the sublime. Although Wollstonecraft's account has been examined as a kind of feminine sublime or roman à clef, her political project has frequently been elided, seen as separate from the personal affect of her account. Holcroft's narrative is simply neglected. Reading these two travel accounts as products of late eighteenth-century British radical reform and developing Romantic sensibility enhances our understanding of eighteenth-century travel narrative and British Romanticism itself.
Nationalist Fascist forces of General Franco rose up against the democratically elected Loyalist Republican government and divided the country over issues of politics, religion, gender, and class. The writers are Gamel Woolsey, an American who lived in Spain
Austro-German Filmmaker, Bestselling Author, and Journalist Colin Ross Discovers Australia
Sea adventures presented in the film. Euphoric reviews accompanied the film’s premiere, praising its power to unveil the true face of the contemporary world and its realistic depiction of the new driving forces of global politics. The book underwent
Knowledge, Ignorance, and Pilgrimage
Evgenia Mesaritou, Simon Coleman, and John Eade
The field of pilgrimage studies has greatly expanded in recent years, with scholarship being produced on “secular” pilgrimages ( Margry 2008 ), the political economy of pilgrimage ( Coleman and Eade 2018a ), the relationship of pilgrimage with
A Case Study on Indonesian Muslim Student Diasporas in Saudi Arabia
Sumanto Al Qurtuby
). Although there are non-religious developments concerning the influence of the Middle East in Indonesia (e.g., business, economy, or politics), the greatest impact has been in the areas of Islamic practice, cultures, and religious education. This is mainly
an empirical foundation to travel observations as those reflections document how the narrator inhabits discrete circumstances of time and place. Consciousness, Circumstances, and Political Ideology Locke’s personal identity functions as the
Nicholas F. Russell
; Astley 1968: 408 ). More commonly, though, the populace greeted the foreigners with politeness, cordiality, and wonder. What Felipe Fernández-Armesto called the “Stranger effect” seems to have been at play. There was also a political motivation: the
Greek Cypriots’ “return” Pilgrimages to the Monastery of Apostolos Andreas (Cyprus)
ignorance would obscure the ways in which pilgrimage is often embedded in everyday socio-political concerns. The Monastery of Apostolos Andreas in Occupied Cyprus My focus is the monastery of Apostolos Andreas (AA) in Cyprus. Cyprus has been de facto
The well-known writer and statesman Su Shi (or Su Dongpo, 1037–1101) spent a good portion of his career as a government official moving from one bureaucratic appointment to another. This was not unusual, for officials in traditional China were routinely shifted from post to post, usually every two or three years, to prevent them from gaining too much power or influence in one office or place. Several of Su Shi’s appointments, however, were in fact demotions. His outspoken criticism of the reform policies of Wang Anshi (1021–85) got Su (and many of his supporters) into some very serious political trouble. The result was their removal, by political opponents, from the national political scene in the capital to posts in the provinces. On a few occasions Su Shi and his followers were able to regain power in the capital and returned – temporarily, at least – to a position of influence. Su Shi’s career as a statesman, then, followed an alternating pattern of service and exile. In his more than forty years as a government officer, Su experienced three periods of political removal: the first from 1080 to 1084 in Huangzhou (in modern Hubei Province); the second from 1094 to 1096 in Huizhou (in modern Guangdong Province); and the last from 1097 to 1100 on Hainan Island in the far south.
The Politics of Unhappy Returns
Accounts of African American journeys to Africa have long functioned as ways to comment on social, psychological, and political conditions at home. This article surveys a number of such works written since the advent of the Civil Rights Movement, and notes that the trend continues, albeit with different emphases. For Maya Angelou in All God's Children Need Traveling Shoes (1986) and Saidiya Hartman in Lose Your Mother: A Journey along the Atlantic Slave Route (2007), the journey leads to a renewed call for solidarity at home and in the world. Conversely, some journalists such as Howard French provide insightful and moving commentary on a continent all too easily subsumed in a discourse of despair; still others, like Keith Richburg, use Africa as a platform for a radically conservative approach to the politics of the global community.