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The Artist in a Positivist Academy

Bridging the Artist-Scholar Divide

Ibanga B. Ikpe

, contemporary hyper-positivist philosophy could be cited as its intellectual foundation. Hyper-positivism, with the natural sciences as its model, has as its ‘ontological assumption that the world is orderly, lawful and therefore predictable’ ( Williams 2015: 24

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Conservative Crossings

Bernard Faÿ and the Rise of American Studies in Third-Republic France

John L. Harvey

Perhaps no other French historian led such a sordid academic career as that of Bernard Faÿ, who held the first European chair in American history at the Collège de France from 1932 to his removal in 1944. Celebrated as the leading interwar specialist on America, Faÿ was a steadfast ally of the Catholic political Right. His conservatism, however, never threatened his international stature or his domestic academic standing until 1940, after which he led the Vichy regime's assault on Freemasonry. He succeeded as a historian by employing research on the United States to reject traditions of popular sovereignty, while also embracing new methodological trends that critiqued scientific positivism, often as an attack on the intellectual foundation of the Third Republic. His legacy suggests how the conceptual legitimacy of secular, egalitarian society could be contested through the very ideas that "cosmopolitan modernity" had sought to support.

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Exit, pursued by a fan

Shakespeare, Fandom, and the Lure of the Alternate Universe

Kavita Mudan Finn and Jessica McCall

unsure of their own critical authority, fanfiction provides a unique avenue in which to actively undercut the positivism of traditional approaches to interpretation. Even subversive theoretical lenses like gender studies, queer theory, and presentism are

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Maureen Mulligan

, “Imagination and memory are motivating forces behind O’Brien’s travel writing and not the linear, chronological positivism of the didactic travel text” (1993: 141). It is difficult to know if her work had an impact in Spain. According to Reynolds, Farewell

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Matthew C. Eshleman, Eric Hamm, Curtis Sommerlatte, Adrian van den Hoven, Michael Lejman, and Diane Perpich

commentary on history came as part of broader attacks on positivism as a product, the hegemonic class’s invention of tradition or generalization of a biased narrative—in particular, this is a view of German historicism which Sartre would later employ to

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A Negative Theory of Justice

Towards a Critical Theory of Power Relations

Leonard Mazzone

these notions have been traditionally related, thought of, and recognised. Instead of conceiving of injustice in a derivative way as the transgression of some legal norm (legal positivism) or ideal principles of justice (ideal theories of justice