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Conservative Crossings

Bernard Faÿ and the Rise of American Studies in Third-Republic France

John L. Harvey

Perhaps no other French historian led such a sordid academic career as that of Bernard Faÿ, who held the first European chair in American history at the Collège de France from 1932 to his removal in 1944. Celebrated as the leading interwar specialist on America, Faÿ was a steadfast ally of the Catholic political Right. His conservatism, however, never threatened his international stature or his domestic academic standing until 1940, after which he led the Vichy regime's assault on Freemasonry. He succeeded as a historian by employing research on the United States to reject traditions of popular sovereignty, while also embracing new methodological trends that critiqued scientific positivism, often as an attack on the intellectual foundation of the Third Republic. His legacy suggests how the conceptual legitimacy of secular, egalitarian society could be contested through the very ideas that "cosmopolitan modernity" had sought to support.

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Introduction

Theorizing the Spatiality of Protest

Dimitris Soudias and Tareq Sydiq

.1017/CBO9780511815331.004 Steinmetz , George . 2005 . “ Positivism and Its Others in the Social Sciences .” In The Politics of Method in the Human Sciences: Positivism and Its Epistemological Others , ed. George Steinmetz , 1 – 56 . Durham, NC

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Jaap Westbroek, Harry Nijhuis, and Laurent van der Maesen

phenomena, Comte's positivism is not identical with radical empiricism or with the positivism of the Vienna Circle. As Martindale observed: “In fusing organicism to [his form of] positivism, sociology proposed to convert the empiricist-positivistic tradition

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Peter Herrmann

. Boston : University of Massachusetts Press . Hart , H. L. A. 1958 . “ Positivism and the Separation of Law and Morals .” Harvard Law Review 71 ( 4 ): 593 – 629 . http://www.jstor.org/stable/1338225 10.2307/1338225 Jhering , R. von

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Joost Beuving and Geert de Vries

sociology and psychology in particular) and later in semi-independent methodology departments. The first generation of chairs in social research methodology almost without exception embraced positivism as their guiding paradigm. Typically, they espoused

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Teaching internationalisation?

Surveying the lack of pedagogical and theoretical diversity in American International Relations

Christopher R. Cook

. (2011: 437) argue ‘realist [as a specific school] research never made up more than 15 per cent of published articles in any time period’. They argue that while most articles ‘are non-paradigmatic’ the journals still favoured rationalism, positivism and

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Environmental Expertise as Group Belonging

Environmental Sociology Meets Science and Technology Studies

Rolf Lidskog and Göran Sundqvist

ways to control risks is questioned. Reflexive modernization means an end of “true-false positivism” in which science has the exclusive right to judge what should be seen as a risk. In Ulrich Beck’s (1994: 29) words, “People must say farewell to the

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The Socio-analytical Approach

Differences in International Scientific Discourses

Rolf-Dieter Hepp

the flavor of the month dressed with a soupcon of “French radical chic” to the age-old irratioalistic rejection of science, and more especially of social science, under the aegis of a denunciation of “positivism” and “scientism,” this sort of

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Karen Hébert, Joshua Mullenite, Alka Sabharwal, David Kneas, Irena Leisbet Ceridwen Connon, Peter van Dommelen, Cameron Hu, Brittney Hammons, and Natasha Zaretsky

business-as-usual or Keynesian economics. He claims to have inverted the analysis despite it being obviously rooted within contemporary economic positivism, clearly marginalizing several other culturally resonant evaluative criteria. Hence, I would consider

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Portrait

J. D. Y. Peel

Marloes Janson, Wale Adebanwi, David Pratten, Ruth Marshall, Stephan Palmié, Amanda Villepastour, and J. D. Y. Peel

Edited by Richard Fardon and Ramon Sarró

realized over the years that if John never objected to my strongly Foucauldian approach, it was likely because in many ways he himself saw history in something like the “genealogical mood” that Foucault ( 1984: 133 ) characterized as a ‘happy positivism