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The Specter of Communism

Denmark, 1848

Bertel Nygaard

and dissemination of the modern concept of communism—that is, in the sense of a sociopolitical movement, based on the modern proletariat, striving toward the abolishment of social inequality in general and bourgeois private property in particular. 19

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Egalitarian Liberalism

What Are Its Possible Futures in South Africa?

David Bilchitz and Daryl Glaser

Liberalism is associated by many with the protection of private property and the insulation of economic markets from state intervention. Yet the liberal tradition is very diverse, and some have taken its concern with equality and liberty in radically egalitarian directions that belie the reduction of liberalism to market-fundamentalist ‘neoliberalism’.

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Liberal Values and Socialist Models

Reply to Darrel Moellendorf

Anton D. Lowenberg

In a recent issue of this journal, Darrel Moellendorf evaluates three socialist models of economic organisation in terms of their efficiency and equity attributes (Moellendorf 1997). From the perspective of the cogency of the arguments made within the worldview accepted by Moellendorf, his contribution must certainly be judged a scholarly and thoughtfully written piece. However, as a free’market economist I find the central claim of his article – that any of the three socialist models discussed can successfully reproduce or even approximate the individual freedom and economic efficiency of a private-property rights system – implausible to say the least.

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Manjeet Ramgotra

Republicanism is generally said to promote virtue and equal political participation, yet many historical republics and republican theories endorse the hierarchical political participation of the upper and lower social classes and recommend a centralised executive power. Republican constitutions incorporate the authority of the nobles, the freedom of the people and the political power of one man. Cicero formulates this understanding of the republic, which endures in the ideas of Machiavelli and Montesquieu. I characterise this school of thought as conservative because it promotes the preservation of the social hierarchy, private property and stability. Moreover, it harnesses change by advancing a policy of expansion. I challenge the mainstream Cambridge School interpretation by tracing the trajectory of conservative republican ideas in the thought of Cicero, Machiavelli and Montesquieu. Few interpretations relate the republicanism of these three thinkers to each other, hence this reading contributes a new way of thinking about republicanism.

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Patrick Cockburn

: 7–8 ). To publish statistics such as these is not so much a way to meet defences of exclusionary private property rights head on as an attempt to reframe the discussion within a specific historical and social horizon in which the particular force of

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Professor Anna Stilz and Interviewed by Dr Christine Hobden

suggests that collective property is fully internationally legitimate. There's no duty on the part of countries to organise themselves as private property systems. It's true that in Kant's own domestic theory of what he dubbed ‘domestic right’, the

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Sunday Paul Chinazo Onwuegbuchulam and Khondlo Mtshali

. This division occurs over the concept of ‘liberty’ and the issue of private property ( Gaus and Courtland 2011 ). Classical Liberals include John Locke, Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant, and Giuseppe Mazzini, who have focused on the values and principles on

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“Home Is Home No Longer”

Political Struggle in the Domestic Sphere in Postarmistice Hungary, 1919-1922

Emily R. Gioielli

courts. This position delegitimized the Soviet government and the ideology undergirding its many decrees regarding the abolition of private property, the concentration of wealth, and the transformation of class relations. Rather than being removed from

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Invoking a World of Ideas

Theory and Interpretation in the Justification of Colonialism

David Boucher

debate within the Catholic Church that had perplexed theologians throughout the fifteenth century. The status of the infidel with regard to private property rights and public sovereignty was a matter of moral and legal importance. Pope Innocent IV (ca

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Benoît Godin

, namely, private property. Innovation is a scheme or design in a pejorative sense—as it is a conspiracy in political literature (words used are “project” or “plan” or “plot” or “machination”). This connotation remained in vocabulary until late in the