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Les Signes du Politique

Language and Sociability in France from the Fourteenth to the Nineteenth Century

Jacques Guilhaumou

This article describes the social and linguistic processes underlying the formation of political language in France from the end of the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century. The author emphasizes the close relationship between the evolution of political language, as it can be traced through the many editions of dictionnaires and grammaires, and novel forms of sociability, from the medieval notion of friendship to revolutionary civism. The eighteenth century is considered a crucial moment in this process, given that during that period the thinkers of the Lumières, in their effort to harness civil society through language, forged the notion of a space of universal communication among men as a precondition for the invention of a political language specific to contemporary democracy.

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Beyond Metaphor

Corporeal Sociability and the Language of Commerce in Eighteenth-Century Britain and France

Joseph D. Bryan

luxury produced “agreeable sensations,” the pleasurable experience of refined, sociable living. Adam Smith even grounded his understanding of moral sentiments and the sociability necessary in a commercial society on the notion of an impartial spectator, a

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“Sad Era, Villainous Affair“

The Dreyfus Affair in the Notebooks of Henri Vever

Willa Z. Silverman

This article analyzes representations of the Dreyfus Affair in the private diaries written between 1898 and 1901 by Henri Vever, a prominent Art Nouveau jeweler, art collector, and small-town mayor. The important place accorded the Affair in these “ordinary writings“ by an individual with no direct engagement in it offers an opportunity to assess how historical events become enmeshed with private life, mentalités, and sociability. Further, Vever's notebooks reveal position taking during the Affair as a complex phenomenon, in Vever's case influenced by circumstances encompassing his identity as both a native of Lorraine, marked by France's defeat in 1870, and a Republican notable and Parisian businessman. While Vever's notebooks corroborate some standard themes of Dreyfus Affair historiography, including the importance of the press and the eclipsing of the Affair by the 1900 World's Fair, they also nuance the idea of a rigid ideological division between Dreyfusards and anti-Dreyfusards.

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A Fiction of the French Nation

The Émigré Novel, Nostalgia, and National Identity, 1797–1815

Mary Ashburn Miller

less happy in my exile, for I have not brought the bones of my fathers with me.” 44 In reality, of course, most émigrés were not alone; they established communities of sociability. Famously, Juniper Hall—Fanny Burney’s residence in Surrey

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Jules Vallès and Séverine

Romantic Socialism and the Afterlife of a Cross-Sex Friendship in French Political Culture, 1880–1929

Michael Mulvey

to gossip that Vallès had himself turned “womanly” ( femmelette ). 35 At London tables of fraternal sociability, Vallès envisioned a subversive female rebel putting the Parisian bourgeoisie against the wall. In the tradition of pre-Marxist French

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Science, Customs, and the Modern Subject

From Emulation to Education in the Semantics of Spanish Enlightenment

Pablo Sánchez León

harbor and nurture wider issues of knowledge ranging from moral reflection and scientific methodology to political philosophy: revolving around the wide semantic field of sociability, its interests encompassed all kinds of traits and human exchanges

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“And much more I am soryat for my good knyghts”

Fainting, Homosociality, and Elite Male Culture in Middle English Romance

Rachel E. Moss

networks into which some privileged fraternities open doors, the overriding reason men would give for joining was because they wanted access to what they saw as a desirable sociable environment populated by other young men who shared similar values and

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Pious Women in a “Den of Scorpions”

The Piety and Patronage of the Eleventh-Century Countesses of Brittany

Amy Livingstone

. 212–213; no. 24, pp. 214–215; no. 25, pp. 216–217. 17 Farmer, Communities of Saint Martin , 69–72. 18 For analysis of the relationship between the Breton elite and the church, see Regan Eby, “Aristocratic Sociability and Monastic Patronage in Eleventh

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Christina Oesterheld

marital relations. He claims that attachment, affection, and finally love should be preconditions for marriage and explains that feelings for each other grow in four stages: from uns (“sociableness; companionableness; familiarity, friendliness

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Francisco A. Ortega

working on domestic virtues, as a supplement to government and a requirement for citizenship, smoothed the path toward civilization. As Caro argued, morality “strengthens instincts of sociability, founds wealth and well-being, condemns slavery and