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Sakai Magara

Activist Girl of Early Twentieth Century Japan

Barbara Hartley

thought that the government set out to suppress. It was to ameliorate working-class suffering that Magara committed herself to radical socialism and aligned herself with an organization whose objectives were to undermine the militarist-capitalist ethos

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“Hitlermania”

Nazism and the Holocaust in Indian History Textbooks

Basabi Khan Banerjee and Georg Stöber

article addresses these issues by examining the presentation of National Socialism in several Indian textbook series, with a special focus on the Holocaust. It is used as a proxy for the textbooks’ take on Nazism because a thorough discussion of the

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Militarization via Education

A 1945 Primer from Socialist Macedonia

Darko Leitner-Stojanov

This article examines the textual and visual content of the first postwar primer in socialist Yugoslav Macedonia in order to understand the messages that it contains relating to techniques of militarization. After outlining the historical context in which this primer was developed, with reference to teachers’ memories and archival sources, the article analyzes the role of teaching materials in connection with the experience of the Second World War and the politics of the new communist state. This content analysis identifies six militaristic messages and values communicated to the pupils, who are addressed as future soldiers.

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Marissa C. de Baca

Erin Y. Huang. Urban Horror: Neoliberal Post-Socialism and the Limits of Visibility (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2020). 288 pp. ISBN: 978-1-4780-0809-5 / 978-1-4780-0679-4; (paperback, $26.95; hardback, $99.05) Reviewed by Marissa

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Philipp Mittnik

*Full text is in German

National Socialism in German, Austrian and English Secondary School Textbooks (1980–2017)

English Abstract

This article analyzes a selection of German, Austrian and English textbooks dealing with National Socialism. By adopting Waltraud Schreiber’s methodology of categorial textbook analysis, the article presents the surface structure and building blocks as a basis for further analysis. The occurrence (or absence) of the pedagogical historical principle of multiperspectivity is examined with reference to the example of sections concerning “Youth in National Socialism.” Subsequently, the study explores the role of multiperspectivity in the construction of critical historical consciousness. This is followed by a deconstruction of the image of women presented in the textbooks, with particular emphasis on simplifications.

German Abstract

Die Analyse von Schulbüchern aus Deutschland, Österreich und England zum Themenbereich Nationalsozialismus stehen im Zentrum dieses Artikels. Als Methodologie wird die kategoriale Schulbuchanalyse nach Waltraud Schreiber angewandt. Die Erarbeitung der Oberflächenstruktur und der Bausteine werden als Grundlage für weitere Analyseschritte präsentiert. Das (Nicht-) Vorkommen des bedeutenden geschichtsdidaktischen Prinzips der Multiperspektivität wird am Beispiel des Abschnittes „Jugend im Nationalsozialismus“ beschrieben. Multiperspektivität und deren Bedeutung für den Aufbau eines kritischen Geschichtsbewusstseins wird in einem weiteren Schritt hervorgehoben. Abschließend wird das in den Schulbüchern präsentierte Frauenbild dekonstruiert und auf die problematischen Vereinfachungen hingewiesen.

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Denis Vuka

—that related to the history of Albanian partisan resistance. 7 The Years of Albanian Socialism The socialist era in Albania began in November 1944 with the liberation of the country and the withdrawal of the last German troops. The first postwar years saw the

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Spatial Relations and the Struggle for Space

Friedrich Ratzel’s Impact on German Education from the Wilhelmine Empire to the Third Reich

Troy Paddock

Germany from the late Wilhelmine Empire to the Third Reich while striving to explain how Ratzel’s thought could be misappropriated by National Socialism. Although there were few explicit references to Ratzel in textbooks, his influence on German geography

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“Russia My History”

A Hi-Tech Version of an Old History Textbook

Olga Konkka

post-Soviet history textbooks and public discourse about the war) uses the term “Nazis” rather than “fascist,” the term used in Soviet parlance (out of fear of inspiring a rapprochement between Soviet “socialism” and German National Socialism). This

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Writing Childhoods, Righting Memory

Intergenerational Remembrance in Post-communist Romania

Codruta Alina Pohrib

Eastern Europe as Post-imperial Mania,” in Post-communist Nostalgia , 20. 10 Maya Nadkarni and Olga Shevcenko, “The Politics of Nostalgia in the Aftermath of Socialism’s Collapse” in Anthropology and Nostalgia , ed. Olivia Angé and David Berliner (New

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“Presentism” Versus “Path Dependence”?

Reflections on the Second World War in Russian Textbooks of the 1990s

Serguey Ehrlich

“generating inappropriate parallels and associations” between national socialism and Stalin's socialist regime. 20 After 1991, this terminology lost its meaning. The frequent use of the words “fascism” and “fascist” to designate National Socialists in all the