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Report. The World Social Forum on Migrations 2012

Consolidating efforts towards an equitable society

Shirlita Africa Espinosa

From the back alleys of Madrid to the financial capital of Singapore, the migration of peoples either to flee persecution or to pursue a high-stakes transnational job is a global phenomenon. One may even say that the one permanent presence these days is a temporary migrant. The mobility of workers—and the mobility that characterizes the social world in which they live—has always had an economic interpretation manifesting in the antagonism of locals against labor migrants. The issue of migration and the attendant discourses of citizenship, social cohesion, population, resource sharing, employment, criminality, and cultural differences, to mention a few, are a common specter often raised for political maneuvering. To use the migrant subject as a scapegoat for sundry social and economic ills of the “host” society—a term that perpetuates the stereotype of the migrant as parasitical, thus, creating a fitting formula for those who hold power—is integral to the production of their subjectivity as an unwanted sector of a society. Nevertheless, the centrality of migration today in the creation of wealth in advanced economies is very much tied to the role that migrants play in the development strategies of their own nations. Through the billions of dollars transferred through remi􀄴 ances, migration is regarded as the vehicle of development for countries in the South. But if exporting cheap and temporary labor remains inexpensive as it continues to support the growth of industrialized countries both in the manufacturing and service sectors, including the domestic and affective spheres of the home, then how does migration specifically drive the development of sending countries?

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Women and development in Vietnam

Caught between social tradition and economic globalization

Khuat Thu Hong

, while at the same time they are required to be modest, reserved and obedient as insisted upon by traditional norms and stereotypes seen as the root core of the identity of “true Vietnamese women.” Does discrimination exist in Vietnam today? If so

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L’entrée en politique des militants amérindiens en Argentine

Trajectoires, discours, avancées et limites

Maité Boullosa-Joly

ont été les gentils, donc ça, ça fait qu’on change la donne ». Eduardo espère ainsi briser les stéréotypes à propos des indigènes présents dans les représentations collectives. Ce procédé aboutit à un nouveau réalisme inter-ethnique « dans lequel

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The Ukrainian divide

The power of historical narratives, imagined communities, and collective memories

Alina Penkala, Ilse Derluyn, and Ine Lietaert

( Hrytsak, 1998 ; Riabchuk, 2002 , 2015 ; Sereda, 2020 ; Zhurzhenko, 2015 ). Several of those scholars also challenge the simplistic conceptualizations of the conflict through a stereotypical, macro-regional division. Instead, these researchers use rich

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From philanthropy to impact investing

The case of Luxembourg

Shirlita Espinosa

premise is grounded on a rather stereotypical formula of lifting people out of the informal sector to work in small-scale businesses dependent on foreign capital constitute “development”. The survival of sustainable small-scale livelihood projects is not

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Improving and protecting human rights

A reflection of the quality of education for migrant and marginalized Roma children in Europe

Silvia-Maria Chireac and Anna Devis Arbona

to genocide, the Roma communities have managed to maintain their identity adapting to the new social and political context. Nevertheless, the same condition of dispersion has contributed to deep-seated stereotypes in the general population

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María Claudia Mejía Gil and Claudia Puerta Silva

. Kabeer (Ed.), Ciudadanía incluyente: significados y expresiones (pp. 7 – 33 ). México, D.F. : Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México . Klas , A. ( 2016 ). Pro-environmentalism: Environmentalist social identity, environmentalist stereotypes