In an interdisciplinary workshop in the former Iron Curtain borderlands of the Czech Republic and Bavaria seven multi-national artists and one European ethnologist revealed the cultural dynamics of boundaries both by exploring an expressive landscape and memory field, and by experiencing cultural difference as reflected in the co-operation and creation processes within the group. By using ethnographic approaches to assist the process of developing and conceptualising artworks and self-reflexive, ethno-psychoanalytic interpretation, the project followed the impact of twentieth-century border frictions and violence into collective identities, but also the arbitrary character of borders. The results suggest how a multi-perspective, subjectively informed methodology of approaching space and spatially expressed memory could be developed both for ethnology and for art, bridging the supposed gap between 'artistic' and 'scientific' methods by combining their strengths in a complementary way.
Bridges from Ethnography to Art
Why Should Anthropologists Care?
At a time when European integration faces many crises, the efficacy of public policies decided in Brussels, and in member state capitals, for managing the everyday lives of average Europeans demands scrutiny. Most attuned to how global uncertainties interact with local realities, anthropologists and ethnographers have paid scant attention to public policies that are created by the EU, by member state governments and by local authorities, and to the collective, organised, and individual responses they elicit in this part of the world. Our critical faculties and means to test out established relations between global–local, centre–periphery, macro–micro are crucial to see how far the EU's normative power and European integration as a governance model permeates peoples' and states' lives in Europe, broadly defined. Identifying the strengths and shortcomings in the literature, this review essay scrutinises anthropological scholarship on culture, power and policy in a post-Foucaultian Europe.
All scholarly fields feed on rhetoric of praise and criticism, mostly self-praise and self-criticism. Ethnology and folklore studies are not exceptions in this, regardless of whether they constitute a single field or two separate but related ones. This essay discusses questions concerning ethnological practice and object formation, cultural theory and the theory of tradition (or the lack thereof), cultural transmission, cultural representation, and the ethics and politics of cultural ownership and repatriation. It draws on general observations as well as on work in progress. The main concern is with a discursive move: from tradition to heritage, from the ethnography of repetition and replication to cultural relativist descriptions and prescriptions of identity construction and cultural policy, from ethnography as explanation to ethnography as representation and presentation. In addition, the essay seeks to delineate other underlying tenets that appear to constitute our traditions and heritages - both as strengths and as long-term constraints and biases. Where is ethnology headed in its quest to transcend theories and practices? Less theory and more practice? More theory on practice? Or more practice on theory?
The Case of Lubuskie, Poland
Robert A. Parkin
While it can claim some historical depth, essentially Lubuskie is a new province in western Poland that emerged from the local government reforms of 1999. It is thus located in a part of the country taken over by Poland from Germany in 1945, which as a consequence experienced a complete replacement of populations (Polish for German) at that time. This makes the province a useful case in which to study the emergence of a new identity over time. At present its identity is not as strong as in the case of its neighbours like Silesia and Wielkopolska, though it is being cultivated where possible by some local bureaucrats and politicians. It is argued that it is nonetheless justified to study such cases in order to determine and account for differences in the strength of regional identities in the same nationstate. The wider framework is regional identities within Europe as part of the process of European integration and its articulation with nation-states in the EU.
Changing Kinship Practices among the Sahrāwī, North Africa
). The ‘strengths’ (i.e. ‘weaknesses’) of weak ties ( Granovetter 1973 , 1983 ) implicit in these matri-features, I think, are not necessarily problematic but instead correlate with the encounter with the Spanish colonial period and to changes in the
Muslim Mu‘tazilite Theology Confronted by Manichean Iranian Thought
864–941), who writes, ‘the mount has six rights over its master: it must not be made to carry a load beyond its strength; its back must not be used for conducting conversations; when it arrives at its destination, it must be fed first of all; the
The Dog in Zoroastrian Tradition
.16; JamaspAsa and Nawabi 1979: 445 ). 2 As for the two identical marks (treated as eyes) above the actual eyes of the dog, it is said that they give them further strength to ward off the demon of dead matter and to detect instinctively any form of life in the
The Expectations of 1989–1991 Revisited
negative is increasing, manifested in a ressentiment of cosmopolitanism and an entropic accumulation of fears. Even so, contemporary populist movements are gaining in strength not just by appealing to nationalist sentiments but by engaging in a politics of
Martyrdom and Memorials in Post–Civil War Lebanon
Are John Knudsen
unity, a source of strength and a powerful weapon serving its political goals and ends. The importance of sectarian and confessional martyr categories is evident from Laleh Khalili’s (2007b) study of the annual commemoration of the Palestinian refugees
An Encounter of Personal Biographies with Europe’s Journey
Marcos Farias Ferreira
between the end of high school and the beginning of college when the Velvet Revolution took place and maybe my wonder was due to my youth. Today though, the moral strength emanating from those men and women resisting a petrified and unjust Government still