Recognizing the influence crises have in shaping global governance nowadays, the present work explores the possible contribution of human development thinking countering the perverse effects of shock-driven responses to major emergencies. This is done by focusing on contributions by Sen, Dreze, Haq and Stewart related to famines, violent conflict and the idea of human security, analyzed using a selection of four criteria, namely, describing the position of crisis inside human development thinking, issues of modeling and measurement, the stance toward agency, and the actors gathered around the discourse. After strengths and weaknesses are considered, the article suggests a tangential involvement through other human concepts, so human development ideas do not get muddled by the logic of shocks and fulfill the great responsibility of helping us avoid the many shortfalls of a security-obsessed view of humanity.
Oscar A. Gómez
A Comparative Study of Quality of Life, Social Quality and Human Development Approaches
The overall aim of this paper is to compare the human development (HD) and social quality (SQ) approaches in the context of quality of life in general and in relation to development in particular. It commences with a broad overview of several perspectives including: prudential values; Sen's capability approach; Berger-Schmitt and Noll's overarching quality of life construct; Phillips' quality of life construct; and Doyal and Gough's theory of Human Needs. en HD and SQ are introduced. HD emphasises well-being, enlarging people's choices, living a long and healthy life, being educated and enjoying a decent standard of living. All this is predicated on the UNDP's insistence that it is people who comprise the real wealth of nations: HD emphasises the well-being of individuals. Two sets of tensions are then discussed: first between the ability to exercise individual freedom and the constraints upon freedom imposed by the provision of compulsory education of children which facilitates that freedom (an institutional threshold to 'the social'); and secondly, the relationship between personhood, social relationships and collective capabilities (an interactive threshold to the social). This is followed by an exploration of whether HD's individualistic orientation is a weakness or whether its explicit incompleteness is a strength. The paper concludes with a discussion of possible ways forward in developing the HD construct, either by incorporating the notion of 'the social' within its framework or else via strategies of using it in partnership with the social quality theory that can both extend it and provide it with a richer theoretical justification.
The Social Quality Approach as a Foundation for Person-Centered Interventions
Judith R. L. M. Wolf and Irene E. Jonker
in their lives by focusing on their strengths and stimulating their personal agency, participation in society, and self-direction in life. The main task of professionals is to help create the conditions in which growth and recovery are likely to occur
that he started to kick me with both feet, with all his strength. In my stomach. In my ribs. Oh, I thought he was going to kill me. But they don't kill you. They just torture you. They bring you to that point where you hate yourself and you hate your
intention. A related problem concerns the possibility of abuse. If intensity is accorded special weight, it will be tempting to exaggerate the strength of one’s preferences. After all, even if I do not care very much about the matter at stake, it is better
Jeffrey D. Hilmer and Max Halupka
. Despite its conceptual strengths and original empirical insights, Participation in Europe has a difficulty in constructing a cohesive narrative to frame its snapshot-like approach. Though the concept of youth participation does serve as a central theme
Autocracy Promotion in the New Asian Order?
Octavia Bryant and Mark Chou
systems and development paths of their own choice,” leading to an “objective and rational perception of other countries’ growing strength, policies and visions.” In other words, while all countries should participate in regional affairs, no country should
Laurent J.G. van der Maesen
income, demoting citizens in their political strength and sociocultural relationships. All of this is masked by deliberately false government information ( Smith and Wanless 2020 ). The US figures are the silent witnesses. Expectations are that, in
José Bonifácio and Temporal Experiences in the Luso-American World in the Early Nineteenth Century
Maria Elisa Noronha De Sá and Marcelo Gantus Jasmin
the post of cabinet minister. At this time, Bonifácio began to organize what he called a “center for strength and unity” throughout the country. Upon the break with Portugal he became involved, not just with dealing with the problems of governance, but
Same-Sex Intimacy in Nineteenth-Century Polish Correspondence
strength;—with the lively affinity, that she actually has for me, I can surmise at how incomparably further, and more freely she could go, if her gift would be to prop herself up on the arms, on the thoughts of a beloved one. You will understand me fuller