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Christopher Howard and Wendelin Küpers

contingent product of “thrown-togetherness.” 22 From a systems theory or complexity perspective, mobility is a dynamic event that is constituted by innumerable direct and indirect connections. 23 Any journey across the world, for instance, is made

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Reconceptualizing Transit States in an Era of Outsourcing, Offshoring, and Obfuscation

Antje Missbach and Melissa Phillips

by adherents of long-outdated world-systems theory, and is also based on contested definitions of destination and host country ( Schapendonk 2017 ). Nevertheless, this framework is intentionally applied by actual and self-imagined destination