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Fredy B.L. Tobing and Asra Virgianita

political ties but also on growing trade figures and better economic relations. Shared values and solidarity, which had been the hallmark of Indonesia's relations with Latin American countries, might no longer be the driving forces in establishing deeper

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The 1956 Strike of Middle-Class Professionals

A Socio-political Alliance with the Right

Avi Bareli and Uri Cohen

Histadrut. 1 The white-collar workers’ trade unions and their supporters in the political center and on the right—the Progressive Party, General Zionists, and Herut—strongly criticized both the government and the Histadrut for wage restrictions inflicted on

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Israel’s Recent Unionizing Drives

The Broader Social Context

Jonathan Preminger

By the mid-1990s, most scholars were sure that trade unions were no longer a significant political force in the Western world, even in formerly corporatist states such as Germany ( Leisink et al. 1996 ). Corporatist states had been characterized by

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The New Economic Policy of 1962

How Israeli Economists Almost Changed the Israeli Economy

Ronen Mandelkern

’s implementation remained in the hands of those who might have been damaged by it, namely, the employers, the workers, and the Ministry of Trade and Industry (MoTI). While most studies discussing the political role of Israeli economists focus on the 1985

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Orchestrating multilateralism

Cases of EU and East-Asian inter-regional engagement

Thomas Henökl and Michael Reiterer

English abstract: Inter-regional orchestration is one possible strategy to shape global governance agendas, to coordinate international norm setting and contribute to a negotiated international order. The European Union has been engaging in various international, multilateral and inter-regional settings seeking cooperation with state and non-state actors striving for a multipolar and, to some extent post-Westphalian, system, based on democratic global governance structures and the rule of law among nations. Europe's interests, it is frequently argued, are best served by a stable set of relations, allowing for political and economic cooperation, trade and mutual respect. At the same time, the EU may have a system-inherent bias for regional cooperation. This contribution asks which are the innovative policy means to build multilateral governance structures, and what does the EU do to promote these with its partners around the world, and in particular in Asia and in the East-Asian sub-region. By adopting a behavioral approach and analyzing the mechanisms and instruments of EU engagement in Asia, this article contributes an organizational perspective on EU external governance and its multi-level foreign policy architecture to the geopolitical debates on the EU's role in Asian regional development.

Spanish abstract: Una posible estrategia para organizar las agendas de gobernanza global, coordinar el establecimiento de normas internacionales y contribuir a un orden internacional negociado es la orquestación interregional. La Unión Europea (UE) ha participado en varios foros internacionales e interregionales que buscan cooperar con actores estatales y no gubernamentales, aspirando a establecer un sistema multipolar , basado en el Estado de derecho y en estructuras de gobernanza democrática global. En este sentido, se e afirma que, probablemente, la UE tenga un sistema que esté inherentemente condicionado a favor de la cooperación regional. Este artículo se interroga sobre la determinación de las políticas innovadoras que construirán la estructura para una gobernanza multilateral y sobre el papel de la UE para promover políticas de desarrollo regional en Asia y, más particularmente, en Asia Oriental.

French abstract: L'orchestration interrégionale est une des stratégies possibles pour influencer l'agenda de la gouvernance globale, coordonner la création des normes internationales et pour contribuer à un ordre international négocié. L'Union européenne s'est engagée dans des schémas internationaux, multilatéraux et interrégionaux divers, en coopération avec des acteurs étatiques et non-étatiques, aspirant à un système multipolaire et, dans un certain sens, post-Westphalien, basé sur des structures démocratiques de gouvernance mondiale et ancré dans le droit international. Il est fréquemment évoqué que les intérêts européens sont mieux sauvegardés par un ensemble de relations stables, permettant la coopération politique et économique, le commerce et le respect mutuel. De plus, la matrice organisationnelle de l'UE semble être biaisée vers la coopération régionale. On s'interroge ensuite, sur la promotion de l'ensemble de ces pratiques par l'Union européenne avec ses partenaires dans le monde entier, et, plus particulièrement, dans la région de l'Asie de l'Est. Adoptant une approche béhavioriste, cet article examine les mécanismes et les instruments de l'engagement européen en Asie de l'Est et apporte une perspective organisationnelle de la gouvernance externe de l'UE et de son architecture multiniveaux de politique extérieure.

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Itzhak Galnoor, Public Management in Israel: Development, Structure, Functions and Reforms Review by Assaf Meydani

Avi Raz, The Bride and the Dowry: Israel, Jordan, and the Palestinians in the Aftermath of the June 1967 War Review by Paul L. Scham

Nachman Ben-Yehuda, Theocratic Democracy: The Social Construction of Religious and Secular Extremism Review by Benyamin Neuberger

Alan Dowty, Israel/Palestine, 3rd ed. Review by Myron J. Aronoff

Eyal Chowers, The Political Philosophy of Zionism: Trading Jewish Words for a Hebraic Land Review by Allan Arkush

Etan Bloom, Arthur Ruppin and the Production of Pre-Israeli Culture Review by Arieh Saposnik

Laura Zittrain Eisenberg and Neil Caplan, Negotiating Arab-Israeli Peace: Patterns, Problems, Possibilities, 2nd ed. Review by Jonathan Mendilow

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Sergio Catignani, Israeli Counter-Insurgency and the Intifadas Review by Avi Kober

Majid Al-Haj and Rosemarie Mielke, eds., Cultural Diversity and the Empowerment of Minorities: Perspectives from Israel & Germany Review by Nicole Dehan

Jonathan B. Isacoff, Writing the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Pragmatism and Historical Inquiry Review by Motti Golani

Meir Litvak and Esther Webman, From Empathy to Denial, Arab Responses to the Holocaust Review by Shlomo Aronson

Kobi Michael, Between Militarism and Statesmanship in Israel: Military Influence on the Transition Process from War to Peace Review by Eyal Ben-Ari

Rory Miller, ed., Ireland and the Middle East: Trade, Society and Peace Review by Jeffrey K. Sosland

Benny Morris, ed., Making Israel Review by Neil Caplan

Roby Nathanson and Stephen Stetter, eds., The Middle East under Fire? EU-Israel Relations in a Region Between War and Conflict Resolution Review by Tamir Libel

Benjamin Orbach, Live from Jordan: Letters Home from My Journey through the Middle East Review by Chaim Noy

Dina Porat, Israeli Society, the Holocaust and Its Survivors Roni Stauber, The Holocaust in Israeli Public Debate in the 1950s Reviews by Esther Jilovsky

Zohar Segev, From Ethnic Politicians to National Leaders—American Zionist Leadership, the Holocaust and the Establishment of Israel Review by Ariel Feldestein

Sandy Sufian and Mark LeVine, eds., Reapproaching Borders: New Perspectives on the Study of Israel-Palestine Review by Itamar Radai

Shifra Shvarts, Health and Zionism: Th e Israeli Health Care System, 1948–1960 Review by Judith T. Shuval

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Turkish-Israeli Relations during the Cold War

The Myth of a Long ‘Special Relationship’

Kilic Bugra Kanat

the two nations. 2 At the beginning of the relationship, most agreements and negotiations involved trade and transportation ( Dursunoglu 2000: 33 ). For example, in July 1950 the two countries signed a commercial payments and trade agreement

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Wang Zhen, Alfred Tovias, Peter Bergamin, Menachem Klein, Tally Kritzman-Amir, and Pnina Peri

, when China became an important trading partner of most countries in the region. The US policy of non-involvement during the Arab Spring (2010–2012) encouraged some countries in the region to turn their eyes to East Asia, especially to China. As a result

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Paula Kabalo

Trade Unions). 24 The new entity, like many others, defined its goals broadly enough to include the advancement of education, social activity, sports, and the general development of the village. The club, the founders stated, “belongs to no political