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Narratives of Ambivalence

The Ethics of Vulnerability and Agency in Research with Girls in the Sex Trade

Alexandra Ricard-Guay and Myriam Denov

. While it is important to acknowledge the abuses committed against minors in the sex trade, this one-dimensional narrative may come into opposition with how the girls themselves perceive their experiences, and may actually hinder an understanding of the

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Overlapping Time and Place

Early Modern England’s Girlhood Discourse and Indigenous Girlhood in the Dominion of Canada (1684-1860)

Haidee Smith Lefebvre

hereditary Mohawk chief and an upper class Englishwoman. Tekahionwake witnessed settlers displacing fur trade society and transforming Indigenous society in part by subjugating Indigenous women. Her essay provides a detailed account of the fictional Indian

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Learning to Remember Slavery

School Field Trips and the Representation of Difficult Histories in English Museums

Nikki Spalding

Drawing on the fields of education, memory, and cultural studies, this article argues that as important cultural memory products, government-sponsored museum education initiatives require the same attention that history textbooks receive. It investigates the performance of recent shifts in historical consciousness in the context of museum field trip sessions developed in England in tandem with the 2007 bicentenary of the abolition of the slave trade. Analysis of fieldwork data is presented in order to illustrate some of the complexities inherent in the way difficult histories are represented and taught to young people in the twenty-first century, particularly in relation to citizenship education.

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Chinichi Arai

Despite modernization of the Japanese school system after 1872, this period was marked by the war in East Asia and nationalism focusing on the emperor, whereby the imperial rescript of 1890 defined the core of national education. Following defeat in the Second World War, Japan reformed its education system in accordance with a policy geared towards peace and democracy in line with the United Nations. However, following the peace treaty of 1951 and renewed economic development during the Cold War, the conservative power bloc revised history textbooks in accordance with nationalist ideology. Many teachers, historians and trade unions resisted this tendency, and in 1982 neighboring countries in East Asia protested against the Japanese government for justifying past aggression in history textbooks. As a result, descriptions of wartime misdeeds committed by the Japanese army found their way into textbooks after 1997. Although the ethnocentric history textbook for Japanese secondary schools was published and passed government screening in 2001, there is now a trend towards bilateral or multilateral teaching materials between Japan, South Korea, and China. Two bilateral and one multilateral work have been published so far, which constitute the basis for future trials toward publishing a common textbook.

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Dustin William Louie

preying on underage girls. Indigenous women and girls are significantly overrepresented in the Western Canadian sex trade; they are estimated to make up 50 to 90 percent of the trade in major cities of this region ( NWAC 2014 ; Sethi 2007 ; Totten 2009

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Claudia Mitchell

same easy-to-access populations over and over again because of the difficulty of reaching girls who are out of school or who are employed as domestic workers or who are involved in the sex trade? How far are we willing to go, as researchers, to adjust

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The German Colonies in Die Weltgeschichte als Kolonialgeschichte

The Use of Filmic Techniques in Colonial Revisionism in the 1920s

Michael Annegarn-Gläß

Translator : Katherine Ebisch-Burton

reports that at the time of the Roman Empire, these colonies, whose principal function was as trading posts, enabled trade as far afield as India. When, as Cürlis’s film suggests, these trading links were cut off in consequence of the emergence of Islamic

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Smart Girl Identity

Possibilities and Implications

Bernice Loh

parental support in their academic endeav ours were less likely to make such trade-offs because “parental commitment helped them negotiate the pulls of peer culture” (77), thus reemphasizing the importance of social class and structural supports in the

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Andreas Weiß

located in a region, Northern Europe, where “the majority of global trade routes converge and the profits of world trade accumulate.” And his country must be careful, however, “that its strength does not wane, and especially that the sources of its power

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April Mandrona

assumptions and rhetoric about girls are not replicated in policy. The third article, “Narratives of Ambivalence: The Ethics of Vulnerability and Agency in Research on Girls in the Sex Trade,” explores the ethics of how language constructs reality for girls