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Jolyon Howorth

Michael Sutton, France and the Construction of Europe 1944–2007 (Oxford: Berghahn, 2007).

Tilo Schabert, How World Politics is Made: France and the Reunification of Germany, trans. John Tyler Tuttle (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2009).

Frédéric Bozo, Mitterrand, the End of the Cold War and German Unification, trans. Susan Emanuel (Oxford: Berghahn, 2009).

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Geneviève Giroux

This article analyzes references to history and, a fortiori, to memory in official French discourse during and after German unification. It shows that the understanding of the past complies, in every sense of the word, with France's European policy. Entirely oriented towards the promotion and justification of the European future, official memory distorts some historical facts in order to exorcise the present of a cumbersome past. Because it serves as a means of deferring to the national interest rather than as an end in itself, this representation of the past shows the limits of the official memory.

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Walter Bruyère-Ostells

Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte theorized Napoleonic Caesarism between 1832 and 1844, although he was only a child at the fall of the First Empire. He took into account the embedding of Napoleonic supporters in the broad-ranging Liberal party during the Restoration. Through personal relationships, he was particularly influenced by officers who bent the First Empire's doctrine towards liberalism during the Hundred Days and who engaged in national and liberal actions. In this respect, the fight for the unification of Italy was paramount. The new social networks (secret societies) and the events he himself took part in (such as central Italy's revolution of 1831) particularly inspired him. By taking up weapons, moreover, he appropriated the image of being his uncle's legitimate heir. That is why two generations of officers, including Italian officers, must be considered as transmitters of an inheritance that Louis Napoleon used to reflect on his Napoleonic legacy.

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Rayonnement et propagande culturels français autour de la « panlatinité »

Les échanges entre intellectuels français et hispano-américains au début du vingtième siècle

Amotz Giladi

At the beginning of the twentieth century, numerous Hispano-American writers, who were often also diplomats, arrived in Paris. They established contact with French intellectuals, mainly academics, and participated actively in French intellectual life. The exchanges between these Hispano-American and French intellectuals were based on a common identification with Latinism, a pan-nationalistic ideology developed in Europe and Latin America since the nineteenth century and calling for unification of all “Latin” peoples. Hispano-American elites and intellectuals, looking for a way to federate all Latin-American countries against the power of the United States, and seeking a rapprochement with France for political and cultural reasons, largely supported pan-Latinism. As for their French intellectual partners, eager to reinforce their country's global influence, they conveyed the pan-Latin ideology in the framework of their efforts to promote French cultural presence in Latin America. During the Great War, these cultural and intellectual initiatives concerning pan-Latinism drew the attention of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, leading to their integration in the newly created French international propaganda mechanism.

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Edward Berenson, Elinor Accampo, Joseph Bohling, and Michael Seidman

Union. Behind the façade of peace and the preservation of democracy lay sordid motives for unification: European cooperation was intended to help maintain Europe’s faltering empires. Racism and exploitation, the authors argue, more than a high

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Chiara Collamati

Translator : Marieke Mueller and Kate Kirkpatrick

entre eux, et dans quelle mesure la nécessité pour toute société humaine de rester totalité détotalisée maintiendra-t-elle la récurrence, les fuites et partant les unités-objets comme limites de l’unification vraie? [To what extent will a socialist

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Des situations-limites au dépassement de la situation

Phénoménologie d’un concept sartrien

Grégory Cormann and Jérôme Englebert

moment où Sartre semble entrevoir l’unification du mouvement progressif et régressif, est également celui où se marque une accointance avec la psychopathologie et la pratique clinique. La méthode compréhensive que Sartre reprend à Jaspers repose sur « l

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Cameron Bassiri

selling property on the moon) produces its first differentiation in order to give itself the means of proceeding to this determination.” 19 But what is this inadequately determined project? And is it not problematic for the unification and organization of

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Mindfulness Meditation

A Sartrean Analysis

Dane Sawyer

particular task or chore, but as Shaw points out, samadhi more closely resembles the etymology of the word “concentration”: “a bringing together and a unification.” 10 The aim, says Rupert Gethin, is to counteract “…the tendency of the mind to restlessly

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“Algeria for the Algerians”

Public Education and Settler Identity in the Early Third Republic

Kyle Francis

institution that has formed their educational careers, but instead they have always denigrated it. These unfortunate sentiments have had unfortunate effects: far from being a scholarly center and a place of unification [ ralliement ] the normal school has only