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Fabrizio Di Mascio and Alessandro Natalini

The modernization of the public administration has been one of the main objectives pursued by the Renzi government. What distinguishes the reform cycle launched in 2015 is the emphasis on centralization, unification, and the reduction of institutional fragmentation in the public sector after a long period in which autonomy and the organizational pluralism of administrations and government levels were enhanced. This reform strategy is consistent with the underlying trends of transformation in the political and institutional systems, in which the power of the prime minister has gradually increased. The actual impact of these reform measures, however, depends on concrete organizational instruments of subsequent implementing legislation in a context characterized by persistent spending cuts, which are necessary to maintain financial stability.

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John Foot and Samantha Owen

On 17 March 2011, Italy celebrated its 150th anniversary. On that day

in 1861, Victor Emmanuel II had become the first king of Italy. This

date, however, marked only a formal moment of annexation. It was not

a day of revolution but instead a bureaucratic (albeit highly symbolic)

political unification. The date 17 March was designated as a national

holiday on a one-off basis in 2011, and on that day flags were raised

across Italy to celebrate the nation’s 150th birthday. The central event

took place at a parliamentary session where the two houses heard a

speech delivered by President Giorgio Napolitano. Official celebrations

were also planned for many key places linked to the history

of the unification process and Italy in general.

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Lauren Marx

meaning thereof to place Sobukwe’s thoughts on education, land and race in historical context. The origins of the unification of Africa has a long history with strong comparisons being made to ancient historical empires such as Mali and Benin but the term

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Contested Memory

Retrieving the Africanist (Liberatory) Conception of Non-racialism

Ndumiso Dladla

Sobukwe aligns the PAC with the ethical political imperative for the unification of Africa championed beyond doubt by Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Julius Nyerere of Tanzania and the Senegalese savant Cheikh Anta Diop. The discussion over the quest for African

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From “De Facto King” to Peasants’ Communes

A Struggle for Representation in the Discourse of the Polish Great Emigration, 1832–1846/48

Piotr Kuligowski

perfect social unity, and therefore they called for unification of the whole of Polish emigration, but in a way completely different from Czartoryski's camp. The radical leftists from Havre argued that the political principles of the Communes of the Polish

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The Social Consequences of Brexit for the UK and Europe

Euroscepticism, Populism, Nationalism, and Societal Division

Steve Corbett

, and its implications for social quality as a universalist, internationalist, and progressive concept. The Roots of Brexit Over the past forty years there has been increasingly mainstream opposition to projects of European unification in the UK

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Wiping away the Tears of the Ocean


Mogobe Ramose

position, he argued for the immediate political unification of Africa in the name of pan-Africanism as a project for the total liberation of Africa and her diaspora, including humanity at large. In this connection, it was argued that: The field of action

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Jean Terrier

criticized the tendency toward unification that results from the strict application of the majority principle and from the sovereignty of Parliament. Against the state’s injunction to conformity, 27 and against the “worship of state-unity,” 28 the

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Searching for a New Way of Thinking about Society

A Noospheric Social Quality Orientation for Development toward Sustainability

Vyacheslav Nikolayevitch Bobkov and Nikolay Vyacheslavovich Bobkov

planetary phenomenon, as a systematic unification of the spiritual, intellectual, material, sociocultural, ecological, and demographic components of human life on planet Earth. It encompasses the individual as well as the collective (social) quality of life

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Sunday Paul Chinazo Onwuegbuchulam and Khondlo Mtshali

, Yokohama, Japan , Thursday , July 17 , 2014 ‘ Inequality, the Capability Approach and Sociology ’. Kallhoff , A. and J. Schlick . 2001 . ‘ Liberal Communities: Why Political Liberalism Needs a Principle of Unification ’, in Kallhoff , A. (ed