This article examines conflicts concerning French policy on the American phase of the Vietnam War between the French Left and Charles de Gaulle during the 1965 elections. The Left faced a dilemma on a matter of central foreign policy as it found it difficult to differentiate its position on the war from de Gaulle's public statements on it. Through an evaluation of press commentary, I demonstrate that in its attempt to set itself apart from de Gaulle, the French Left challenged not only his interpretation of the war in Vietnam but also his understanding of France and its role in the world, proffering a softer, cooperative conception in opposition to de Gaulle's push for a militant leadership status for France in the international community. The study shows the limits political parties face as part of protest movements, while also situating French debate over the Vietnam War squarely within the ongoing dialogue over French national identity.
The French Left, de Gaulle, and the Vietnam War in 1965
Bethany S. Keenan
Planning, Discourse, and State Power in Post-War France
planning signaled not just the ambition and scope of Delouvrier’s project, but also the political patronage behind it, with Charles de Gaulle cast as his Louis Napoléon. 3 The scheme was implemented over the next two decades. Construction of Cergy
Nafissa Sid Cara and the Politics of Emancipation during the Algerian War
, 23 September 1958, Ivry-sur-Seine, ECPAD. © Zygmond MICHALOWSKI/SCA/ECPAD/Défense – Réf. : ALG 58-466 R11 Integration took on an explicitly gendered dimension as part of the war effort. In June 1958, General Salan instructed General Charles de Gaulle
James R. Lehning The Pride of Place: Local Memories and Political Culture in Nineteenth-Century France by Stéphane Gerson
Alain Chatriot Le Patricien et le Général: Jean-Marcel Jeanneney et Charles de Gaulle 1958-1969 by Eric Kocher-Marboeuf
Andrés Reggiani Bringing the Empire Back Home: France in the Global Age by Herman Lebovics 146
Michael S. Lewis-Beck Parties and the Party System in France: A Disconnected Democracy? by Andrew Knapp
Réflexions autour d'un film sur des indépendantistes algériens
Nedjib Sidi Moussa
J’ai fait partie de ceux qui attendaient avec une réelle impatience la sortie du dernier film de Rachid Bouchareb. Je n’avais pourtant guère apprécié le message et l’esthétique du film Indigènes, présenté comme le prologue de Hors-la-Loi, et encore moins la reprise du « Chant des Africains » par les acteurs récompensés lors du Festival de Cannes en 2006. Chant qui, rappelons-le, était devenu un hymne colonialiste durant la révolution algérienne et qui fut interdit dans l’armée française sous la présidence de Charles de Gaulle. Après 1962, il appartiendra au patrimoine des nostalgiques de l’Algérie colonisée.
Dialogues with Deportation
Faced with a troubled past, national collectivities can negotiate identities through iconic figures. Prescient hero Charles de Gaulle and later Resistance martyr Jean Moulin played this role in France in the decades after World War II. More recently, other individuals from the same generation have come to the fore as exemplary actors through whom the French enact reconciliation with their nation’s wartime history. Marc Bloch, a Jew executed for his Resistance activity, has become a figure who allows French republicans to work their way out of what Henry Rousso terms the obsessive phase of the Vichy Syndrome.
French Financial Diplomacy from 1995 to 2002
In the mid-1990s, a series of financial crises placed international financial stability and North-South dialogue once again very firmly on the agenda of economic diplomacy. These had long been pet topics for the French: back in the 1960s, President Charles de Gaulle had famously clamoured for the establishment of a new monetary order; the summitry set up, on French initiative, in 1975, had been largely focused on exchange rate stability and North-South relations; in the 1980s, President Mitterrand had made repeated appeals for a “new Bretton Woods.” One could therefore expect the French to contribute actively to debates on how best to reform the international financial architecture.
The 2011 Libya campaign highlighted the divergence of interests between France and Germany within the European Union and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in matters of Middle East and global security. This divergence calls for a reassessment of the meaning of their bilateral cooperation, as defined in the Treaty of Friendship between France and Germany, otherwise known as the Élysée Treaty, signed on 22 January 1963 by Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and President Charles de Gaulle. This article focuses on France, which engaged militarily in Libya cooperating with the United Kingdom as its principal European partner. Germany, for reasons explained by its history, political culture, and the nature of its federal system, chose to abstain in the United Nations vote to authorize the campaign. These differences between France and Germany suggest a contrast in their respective security and, particularly defense, policy objectives on the fiftieth anniversary of the Élysée Treaty.
This essay is an intimate account of my encounter with Aimé Césaire. I first met him in high school. I was seventeen years old, and I had never read any work comparable to his Notebook of a Return to the Native Land. That book left me confused. The more I read the less I understood. A student in lettres modernes at Université Charles De Gaulle, I became tormented by identity issues. My years in France introduced me to racism, to an other who observed me without seeing me—between us centuries of violence, stereotypes, misunderstanding, unrequited love, unresolved conflict, unshared suffering. How do you get rid of the cutting glance that murders the Promise of Tomorrow? Césaire gave me an answer to that question.
Edited by H. C.
France still capable of renewal. Leadership matters, she reminds us, as did Stanley in his studies of Charles de Gaulle. It is easy to see Stanley’s influence in these essays, as well as in the mission of the journal itself. We remain as committed as ever